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TOIEC Grammar - Nouns

TOIEC Grammar - Nouns

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Published by: silly witch on May 19, 2010
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TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
1
NOUNS1. Definition:
Nouns answer the questions
"What is it?"
and
"Who is it?"
They give names to things, people and qualities.Examples:
dog 
,
bicycle 
,
man 
,
girl 
,
beauty 
,
truth 
,
world 
.
2. Noun gender
In general there is no distinction between
masculine (gi 
ống đực)
, feminine 
 
(gi 
ống cái)
and
neuter 
 
(trung tính) 
in English nouns. However, gender is sometimes shown by different forms or different words.Examples:
Different words
:
Masculine Feminine
manfatheruncleboyhusbandwomanmotherauntgirlwife
Different forms
:
Masculine Feminine
actorprinceherowaiterwidoweractressprincessheroinewaitresswidowSome nouns can be used for either a
masculine 
or a
feminine 
subject:Examples:
 
TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
2
cousin teenager teacher doctorcook student parent friendrelation colleague partner leader
Mary is a doctor.
She 
is a doctor
Peter is a doctor.
He 
is a doctor.
Arthur is my cousin.
He 
is my cousin.
Jane is my cousin.
She 
is my cousin.It is possible to make the distinction by adding the words
'male' 
or
'female'.
Example:
a
female 
student; a
male 
cousinFor professions, we can add the word 'woman'Example:
a
woman 
doctor; a
woman 
 journalist.In some cases nouns describing things are given gender.Examples:
I love my car.
She 
(the car) is my greatest passion.
France is popular with
her 
(France's) neighbours at the moment.
I travelled from England to New York on the Queen Elizabeth,
she 
(the Queen Elizabeth) is a greatship.
3. The plural of nouns
Most nouns form the plural by adding
or
es 
.Example:Singular (S
ố ít)
Plural (S
ố nhiều)
 
boat boats
 
TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
3
hathouseriver
 
hatshousesriversA noun ending in
preceded by a consonant
(ph 
ụ âm)
makes the plural with
-ies.
Example:
 
Singular (S
ố ít)
Plural (S
ố nhiều)
 
a flya nappya poppya citya ladya babyfliesnappiespoppiescitiesladiesbabies
 
There are some
irregular (b 
ất quy tắc)
formations for noun plurals. Some of the most common ones arelisted below.Examples of irregular plurals:
Singular (S
ố ít)
Plural (S
ố nhiều)
 
womanmanchildtoothfootpersonleafhalfwomenmenchildrenteethfeetpeopleleaveshalves

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