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Management information system "System vs procedure"

Management information system "System vs procedure"

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Published by maba2610

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Published by: maba2610 on May 19, 2010
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08/20/2014

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Systems vs. ProceduresProcedure is a defined set of instructions aimed at describing how toproceed in achieving a pre-defined
 
milestone/target.Systems have collection of predefined procedures related to eachother in a sequenced
 
logical manner in order to collectively achievethe desired results.The system & procedures in all kinds of 
 
environment are subject tointernal controls and checks that are necessary to ensure theeffectiveness of the
 
same.6.1 Purpose of Systems & Procedures The basic purpose behind setting up systems and procedures is tomake available information when required. But when proceduresare organized in a logical manner to form systems, the value of information as an output of a system enhances.When technology is added to the system, scope of a systemchanges to include hardware, software and designs linked togetherin accordance with the procedures contained in that system to give
 
6.2 Data & InformationBefore defining what information systems are? I would like to onceagain differentiate between data and information.Data represents facts of any kind. Information is the processed formof data being verified and substantiated from various sources.Example100,000 is a figure which by itself does not add to the knowledgeButWhen we say 100,000 sales orders, it does add to our knowledge,hence is information.
 
6.3 Data & InformationGeneration of relevant information is the objective of everyinformation system. Now we would move fwd with the definition &necessity of information systems.What are Information Systems?Interrelated components working together to collect, process, storeand disseminate information to support decision making,coordination control, analysis and visualization in an organization.6.4 Manual Vs Computerized Information SystemsAs advancement was made in every field of life, manualinformation systems were converted to computerized systems. Inmanual environment, the concept of transformation was difficult toapply, since input of data into records was by itself the outputwhich also included simple computations.Concept of control mechanism grew stronger as computerizedinformation systems emerged. Now the concept of Informationsystem exists with the usage and benefits of Computers as aninevitable part.

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