achieved the highest form of
«no one can so completelysurrender to [God] as the one who is completely forsaken by him.
This lengthy quote from the essay heartrendingly describes the emotional situation of theJews who suffered in the German camps and decided to put all of their trust in God. Thisis the ultimate act of faith. This great act can only be done in the darkest of times andBerkovits has thus apparently shown a positive reaction that may be taken in response tosuffering, albeit that he admits the problem of theodicy is not completely solved.Soloveitchik examines evil in his
Kol Dodi Dofek: Listen -- My Beloved Knocks
He begins this volume with the assumption that humanity can exist in an ³Existence of Fate´or ³Existence of Destiny.´What is an Existence of Fate? It is an existence of duress«a factualexistence, simply one line in a [long] chain of mechanical causality,devoid of significance, direction, and purpose, and subordinate to theforces of the environment into whose midst the individual is pushed,unconsulted by Providence«As an object, man appears as acted upon andnot as actor. Man¶s existence is hollow, lacking inner content, substance,and independence.
The man whose Existence is only Fate essentially attempts to look at his environmentfrom a detached perspective. In doing so, he becomes somewhat paranoid. He seeshimself as worthless and he feels surrounded by his troubles, which seem to lack meaningin God¶s otherwise beautiful universe. He then uses his powers of reason to rationalizeaway the evil around him: essentially he believes that
since God is good, there istherefore no evil in the universe.