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Dr.jekyll and Mr.hyde Form3

Dr.jekyll and Mr.hyde Form3

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Published by AmirulDaniel Sabri

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Published by: AmirulDaniel Sabri on Aug 23, 2010
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05/20/2013

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SUMMARY
 The story is about a brilliant scientist, Dr. Henry Jekyll, who after ten years of devious researchdiscovered a drug which he tested on himself and enabled him to have a split personality as Dr.Jekyll who was his good self and Mr. Edward Hyde as his evil self. The only person who knewof his discovery was Dr Lanyon who later died as he could not bear keeping the ugly secret.Although, his experiment was a success but trouble was in store for him when Hyde became too powerful for him to control. His secret was revealed to Mr. Utterson, his lawyer, after he killedhimself in his laboratory.
THEMES
 
Good versus evil
 Good vs. evil is basically the novel¶s biggest theme. More specifically, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hydeis easily viewed as an allegory about the good and evil that exist in all men and about our struggle with these two sides of the human personality. In this book, then, the battle betweengood and evil rages within the individual. The question is which is superior. Since Hyde seems to be taking over, one could argue that evil is stronger than good. However, Hyde does end up deadat the end of the story, perhaps suggesting a weakness or failure of evil. The big question, of course, is whether or not good can be separated from evil, or whether the two are forever intertwined.
Friendship and loyalty
 Friendship in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde serves to drive the plot forward. Aside from humancuriosity, Mr. Utterson is compelled to uncover the mystery of the evil man because of hisfriendship with Dr. Jekyll. In trying to unravel the secret, his many friendships deliver crucial pieces of information. In this sense, friendship acts as both a motivator and an enabler. As for thefriendship between Dr. Lanyon and Dr. Jekyll, it is certainly not as unconditional as the loyaltyMr. Utterson bears for Dr. Jekyll. Instead, it is fraught with competition, anger, and eventually anirreconcilable quarrel. We see that friendships can be ruined by differences of opinion.
Appearances
 Appearances figure in the novel both figuratively and literally. Dr. Jekyll definitely wants tokeep up a well-respected facade, even though he has a lot of unsavory tendencies. In a literalsense, the appearances of buildings in the novel reflect the character of the building¶s inhabitants.Dr. Jekyll has a comfortable and well-appointed house but Mr. Hyde spends most of his time inthe ³dingy windowless structure´ of the doctor¶s laboratory. Other disreputable quarters of London are described as well, the stomping ground of Mr. Hyde.
Lies and deceit (Hypocrisy)
 In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the plot is frequently driven forward by secrecy and deception; Mr.Utterson does not know the relationship between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and he wants to findout. Also, by omitting the scenes of Mr. Hyde¶s supposedly treacherousness, Stevenson allowsour imaginations to run to wild and eerie places
 
The duality of human nature
 Man by nature has good and bad sides. Man is always struggling with these forces to create a balance. If one is stronger than the other, the stronger will overcome the weaker side. Dr Jekyllrealizes the existence of both sides in a person thus separate the two sides which ultimately leadshim to a tragic end. It is unwise for him to temper with nature.
Repression
 Repression is indisputably a cause of troubles in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The repression here isthat of Victorian England: no sexual appetites, no violence, and no great expressions of emotion,at least in the public sphere. Everything is sober and dignified, and you are really not supposed to be happy. The more Dr. Jekyll¶s forbidden appetites are repressed, the more he desires the life of Mr. Hyde, and the stronger Mr. Hyde grows. This is clearly demonstrated after Dr. Jekyll¶s two-month hiatus from donning the visage of Mr. Hyde; Dr. Jekyll finds that the pull to evil has beenmagnified after months of repression.
Science
 In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, science becomes a cover and justification for supernatural activities.Dr. Jekyll supposedly derives his potion in some sort of scientific manner as opposed to finding amagical amulet or something that releases evil as you might find in other stories. Dr. Jekyll¶s brand of science, however, turns towards the ³transcendental´ (supernatural) while Dr. Lanyon prefers a more traditional set of scientific notions. This disagreement causes an irreparable rift intheir relationship, especially after Dr. Lanyon witnesses Dr. Jekyll¶s transformation with his owneyes.
Curiosity
 In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, curiosity drives the characters to seek knowledge. This curiosity iseither suppressed or fulfilled in each character. Curiosity lacks any negative connotation; instead,characters who do not actively seek to unravel the Jekyll and Hyde mystery may be viewed as passive or weak. Finally, the characters¶ curiosities are, to some degree, transferred over to thereader; we seek to solve the puzzle along with Mr. Utterson.
Violence
 This novel details two crimes of violence against innocent and helpless citizens: first, a little girl,and second, an elderly man. The violence in the novel centers on Mr. Hyde, and raises thequestion as to whether or not violence is an inherent part of man¶s nature.
Crime and punishment
 Mr. Hyde committed various atrocities in London which included deliberately trampling on alittle girl and later murdering Sir Danvers Carew. At first, he was able to evade the law bytransforming back to Dr. Jekyll. Nevertheless, after his brutality towards Sir Danvers waswitness by Dr. Jekyll¶s female servant, who could identify him, Mr. Hyde decided to commitsuicide rather than face the law. Thus, his punishment was death by his own hand.
Religion
 
 
God and Satan figure prominently in this text, as well as many general references to religion andworks of charity. As part of their intellectual lives, the men in the novel discuss various religiousworks. One sign of Mr. Hyde¶s wickedness, for example, is his defacing Dr. Jekyll¶s favoritereligious work. Mr. Hyde is also frequently likened to Satan.
W
omen and femininity
 Most female characters in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are passive and weak. The first female we seeis a young girl mowed over by Mr. Hyde. Although she is ³not much the worse, morefrightened´, she still kicks up an incredible fuss and a large group of people come to her aid. Thenext woman we see is via a maid¶s narrative of Sir Carew¶s murder. After witnessing the murder,she faints, awakening long after the murderer is gone. She is a passive spectator. There is muchspeculation as to the reasons for the absence of females in the story; one particularly compellingargument is that women function as moral bedrocks in most Victorian novels. They are supposedto be beacons of good moral influence. In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde therefore, women may haveunnecessarily complicated the story.
PLOT
 
Introduction
 The scene of Mr Hyde trampling a little girl on a street in London is seen by Richard Enfield andthe incident is told to Mr Utterson.
Conflict
 Hyde kills Sir Danvers Carew. Later, Hyde is nowhere to be found. The mystery is deepenedwhen Mr. Guest finds similarities between Jekyll and Hyde¶s handwriting.
Climax
 Poole and Utterson break down the laboratory door and discover Hyde¶s body.
Resolution
 Dr Lanyon¶s letter to Utterson reveals the truth.
Ending
 The full statement and confession of Jekyll.
CHARACTERS
 
1. Dr Jekyll
 
y
 
Intelligent
: creates a potion to transform himself into a wicked person.
y
 
Secretive
: leads a double life and has many secrets even his friends do not know of.
y
 
Respectable
: a respectable gentleman with impeccable social status.
y
 
Risk-taker/Daring
: tries the new potion on himself despite not knowing of its side-effectwould be.
y
 
Remorseful
: regrets over the evil deed that he has done.
y
 
Hypocritical
: wants to be respected in the society but still wants to do wicked things insecret.
y
 
Careful
: carries out his preparations with great care until his death.

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