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Worked Examples to Eurocode 2

Worked Examples to Eurocode 2

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Published by: amin66932250 on Aug 28, 2010
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Worked Examples for Eurocode 2Draft Version
All advice or information from The Concrete Centre is intended for those who will evaluatethe significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use andapplication.No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice orinformation is accepted by the Concrete Centre or their subcontractors, suppliers oradvisors.Readers should note that this is a draft version of a document and will be subject torevision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of thelatest version.
 
WE 1 Intro v7c 17 Sep 07.doc 17/09/2007 Page 1 of 6
1 Introduction
1.1 Aim
The aim of this publication is to illustrate through worked examples how Eurocode 2
[1
 –
4]
maybe used in practice to design in-situ building structures. It is intended that these workedexamples will explain how calculations to BS EN 1992
 –
1
 –
1
[1]
may be performed. This will becarried out within the environment of other relevant publications:
 
Eurocode 2.
 
Other Eurocodes.
 
Material and execution standards.
 
Publications by The Concrete Centre and others.There are, therefore, many references to other documents and while it is intended that thispublication, referred to as
Worked examples,
can stand alone it is anticipated that usersmay require several of the other references to hand, in particular, Concise Eurocode 2
[5]
,which summarises the rules and principles that will be commonly used it the design of reinforced concrete framed buildings to Eurocode 2.
Figure 1.1
Worked examples
in context
The worked examples relate to in-situ concrete building structures. The designs are inaccordance with Eurocode 2 Part 1
 –
1
[1]
, as modified by the UK National Annex
[1a]
and explainedin PD 6687
[5]
. The design of other forms of concrete are covered in other publications
[6–9]
.Generally, the calculations are cross-referenced to the relevant clauses in Eurocode 2
[1
 –
4]
 and, where appropriate, to other documents. See Table 1.1 for a guide to presentation andSection 11 for references. All references in the margins are to Eurocode 2 Part 1–1
[1]
unlessindicated otherwise. References to BS 8110
[10]
refer to Part 1 unless otherwise stated.
 
WE 1 Intro v7c 17 Sep 07.doc 17/09/2007 Page 2 of 6
Generally, the ‘simple’ examples depend on equations and design aids derived fromEurocode 2. The derived equations are given in Appendix A and the design aids from
ConciseEurocode 2
[11]
are repeated in Appendix B.The examples are intended to be appropriate for their purpose, which is to illustrate theuse of Eurocode 2 for in-situ building structures. There are simple examples to illustratehow typical hand calculations might be done using available charts and tables derived fromthe Code. These are followed by more detailed examples illustrating the detailed workingsof the codes. In order to explain the use of Eurocode 2, several of the calculations arepresented in detail far in excess of that necessary in design calculations once users arefamiliar with the code. To an extent, the designs are contrived to show valid methods of designing elements, to give insight and to help in validating computer methods. They arenot necessarily the most appropriate, the most economic or only method of designing themembers illustrated.
Table 1.1Guide to presentation
<6.4.4> Relevant clauses or figure numbers from Eurocode 2 Part1
 –
1 (if the reference is to other parts, other Eurocodes orother documents this will be indicated)<NA>From the relevant UK National Annex (generally toEurocode 2
Part
1
 –
1)<6.4.4 &NA>
 
From both Eurocode 2
Part
1
 –
1 and UK National Annex<Fig. 2.1>Relevant parts of this publication<SMDSC
[22]
>Relevant parts of 
Standard method of detailing structuralconcrete
– 
a manual for best practice
.<Concise EC2>
Concise Eurocode 2
<How to, Floors>
How to design concrete structures using Eurocode 2:Floors
As some of the detailing rules in Eurocode 2 are generally more involved than those to BS8110, some of the designs presented in this publication have been extended into areas thathave traditionally been the responsibility of detailers. These extended calculations are notnecessarily part of ‘normal’ design but are included at the end of some calculations. It isassumed that the designer will discuss and agree with the detailer areas of responsibility andthe degree of rationalisation, the extent of designing details, assessment of curtailment andother aspects, that the detailer should undertake. It is recognised that in the vast majority of cases, the rules given in detailing manuals
[12,13]
will be used. However, the examples areintended to help when curtailment, anchorage and lap lengths need to be determined.
NA
 
 
SMDSC
[22
 6.4.4
 
6.4.4 & NA
 
Section 5.2
 
 
Concise EC2
How to, Floors
 

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