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2. SANCTIONS FAIL 95% OF THE TIME
3. SANCTIONS DESIGNED TO PUNISH AND ISOLATE FAIL
4. SYMBOLIC SANCTIONS FAIL
5. U.S. LACKS THE POWER TO MAKE SANCTIONS EFFECTIVE
6. EVEN MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS FAIL
SK/A02. UNILATERAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS FAIL
1. UNILATERAL SANCTIONS ALMOST NEVER WORK
2. LONG-TERM INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY IS REQUIRED
SK/A03. OTHER COUNTRIES WON’T FOLLOW U.S. LEAD
1. U.S. SANCTIONS ALLOW OTHER COUNTRIES TO FILL THE GAP
2. THIS HAPPENED WITH SANCTIONS ON IRAN IN THE 1990’s
3. THIS HAPPENED WITH SANCTIONS ON SUDAN & MYANMAR (BURMA)
SK/A04. SANCTIONS ARE INEFFECTIVE AGAINST TYRANTS
1. TYRANTS DON’T CARE ABOUT WORLD OPINION
2. TYRANTS DON’T CARE IF THEIR PEOPLE SUFFER
3. ECONOMIC DAMAGE DOESN’T TRANSLATE INTO SUCCESS
SK/A05. SANCTIONS ARE COUNTERPRODUCTIVE TO DEMOCRACY
1. SANCTIONS STRENGTHEN GOVERNMENT CONTROL
2. SANCTIONS STRENGTHEN HARDLINERS
3. SANCTIONS WEAKEN ANTI-GOVERNMENT FORCES
4. SANCTIONS MAKE DEMOCRATIZATION MORE DIFFICULT
SK/A06. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WORSEN HUMAN RIGHTS
1. GOVERNMENTS SHIFT BURDEN OF SANCTIONS ONTO THE PEOPLE
2. GOVERNMENT REPRESSION IS INCREASED
3. HUMAN SUFFERING IS MASSIVE
SK/A07. U.S. SANCTIONS HARM THE U.S. ECONOMY
1. U.S. SANCTIONS HURT U.S. BUSINESSES
2. U.S. SANCTIONS CAUSE LOSS OF U.S. JOBS
3. WAGE LOSSES OF U.S. WORKERS ARE MASSIVE
SK/A08. NON-ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE
1. FAILED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS REQUIRE USE OF ALTERNATIVES
2. NON-ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE
SK/A09. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AREN’T AN ALTERNATIVE TO WAR
1. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AREN’T A PEACEFUL ALTERNATIVE TO WAR
2. FAILED SANCTIONS REQUIRE USE OF MILITARY ACTION
3. SANCTIONS ACTUALLY INCREASE THE LIKELIHOOD OF WAR
SK/A10. THREAT OF SANCTIONS IS INEFFECTIVE
1. U.S. THREATS AGAINST CHINA FAILED
2. THREAT OF SANCTIONS ACTUALLY WORSENED HUMAN RIGHTS
SK/A11. IRAN
1. U.S. SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAN HAVE EMPIRICALLY FAILED
2. NEW FINANCIAL SANCTIONS WON’T BE ANY MORE SUCCESSFUL
3. RUSSIA AND CHINA WON’T FOLLOW U.S. LEAD
4. SANCTIONS HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN COUNTERPRODUCTIVE
SK/A12. NORTH KOREA
1. SANCTIONS AGAINST NORTH KOREA HAVE EMPIRICALLY FAILED
2. SANCTIONS HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN COUNTERPRODUCTIVE
3. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS HAVE KILLED MILLIONS
SK/A13. CUBA
1. U.S. SANCTIONS AGAINST CUBA HAVE EMPIRICALLY FAILED
2. OTHER COUNTRIES HAVE FILLED IN THE GAP
3. U.S. SANCTIONS HAVE HARMED U.S. ECONOMY
4. U.S. SANCTIONS HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN COUNTERPRODUCTIVE
SK/A14. MYANMAR (BURMA)
1. U.S. SANCTIONS ON MYANMAR HAVE EMPIRICALLY FAILED
2. RUSSIA AND CHINA REFUSE TO SUPPORT SANCTIONS
3. OTHER COUNTRIES FILL IN THE GAP
4. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS CAUSE WIDESPREAD SUFFERING
5. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ARE ACTUALLY COUNTERPRODUCTIVE
SK/A15. IRAQ
1. IRAQ DEMONSTRATES COUNTERPRODUCTIVITY OF SANCTIONS
2. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS KILLED MILLIONS OF CHILDREN
3. SANCTIONS KILLED MORE THAN WMD EVER HAVE
SK/A16. RUSSIA
1. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST RUSSIA WOULDN’T WORK
2. SANCTIONS WOULD ACTUALLY BE COUNTERPRODUCTIVE
SK/A17. SOUTH AFRICA
1. REGIME CHANGE IN SOUTH AFRICA WASN’T DUE TO SANCTIONS
2. SANCTIONS ACTUALLY UNDERMINED OPPOSITION FORCES
SK/A18. SUDAN/ZIMBABWE/INDIA-PAKISTAN
1. SANCTIONS ON SUDAN ARE DOOMED TO FAILURE
2. RUSSIA AND CHINA WON’T SUPPORT SANCTIONS ON ZIMBABWE
3. SANCTIONS AGAINST INDIA AND PAKISTAN EMPIRICALLY FAILED
SK/N01. USE OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS IS UNAVOIDABLE
1. COUNTRIES HAVE ALWAYS USED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS
2. USE OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS IS INCREASING
3. ABOLISHING ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WOULD BE IMPOSSIBLE
SK/N02. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ARE OFTEN EFFECTIVE
1. SANCTIONS ACHIEVE THEIR GOALS 33% TO 50% OF THE TIME
2. SANCTIONS ARE BECOMING INCREASINGLY EFFECTIVE
3. EVEN CRITICS ADMIT SOME CASES OF SUCCESS
SK/N03. “SMART SANCTIONS” ARE EFFECTIVE
1. U.S. IS INCREASINGLY USING “SMART SANCTIONS”
2. “SMART SANCTIONS” TARGET RULERS AND THE WEALTHY
3. “SMART SANCTIONS” HAVE EMPIRICALLY BEEN EFFECTIVE
4. “SMART SANCTIONS” ARE EFFECTIVE AGAINST TERRORISM
5. “SMART SANCTIONS” ARE EFFECTIVE AGAINST PROLIFERATION
SK/N04. SANCTIONS ON FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE
1. BANKS ARE VULNERABLE TO ECONOMIC PRESSURE
2. SANCTIONS ON FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS HAVE BEEN EFFECTIVE
SK/N05. MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE
1. U.N. HAS SUPPORTED MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS
2. MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE AGAINST TERRORISM
2. DESTABLIZATION STRENGTHENS ANTI-GOVERNMENT FORCES
SK/N08. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS DO NOT WORSEN HUMAN RIGHTS
1. SANCTIONS LESSEN TYRANTS’ TOOLS OF REPRESSION
2. SANCTIONS AREN’T TO BLAME FOR HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
SK/N09. U.S. SANCTIONS DO NOT HARM THE U.S. ECONOMY
1. LOSSES TO THE U.S. ECONOMY ARE NOT SIGNIFICANT
2. LOSSES ARE MINIMIZED WHEN INTERDEPENDENCE IS LOW
SK/N10. SANCTIONS ARE A BETTER ALTERNATIVE THAN WAR
1. SANCTIONS ARE MIDWAY BETWEEN DIPLOMACY AND WAR
2. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ARE FAR LESS HARMFUL THAN WAR
SK/N11. THREAT OF SANCTIONS CAN BE EFFECTIVE
1. MERELY THREATENING SANCTIONS CAN BE EFFECTIVE
2. IGNORING THREAT EFFICACY OVERSTATES SANCTIONS FAILURES
SK/N12. IRAN
1. OTHER COUNTRIES WILL SUPPORT U.S. SANCTIONS ON IRAN
2. SANCTIONS ARE DAMAGING IRAN’S ECONOMY
3. SANCTIONS ARE MAKING PROLIFERATION MORE DIFFICULT
5. SANCTIONS ON FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS ARE EFFECTIVE
6. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS STILL HAVE POTENTIAL TO SUCCEED
SK/N13. NORTH KOREA
1. SANCTIONS ON NORTH KOREA HAVE BEEN EFFECTIVE
2. CURRENT SANCTIONS HAVE POTENTIAL FOR FURTHER SUCCESS
SK/N14. CUBA
1. U.S. SANCTIONS ON CUBA HAVE NOT BEEN A FAILURE
SK/N15. MYANMAR (BURMA)
1. SANCTIONS ON MYANMAR HAVE POTENTIAL FOR SUCCESS
2. TARGETED SANCTIONS HAVE POTENTIAL FOR SUCCESS
SK/N16. LIBYA
1. SANCTIONS IMPOSED EFFECTIVE PRESSURE ON LIBYA
2. SANCTIONS REDUCED TERRORISM AND NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION
SK/N17. SOUTH AFRICA
1. SOUTH AFRICA IS THE CLASSIC CASE OF EFFECTIVE SANCTIONS
2. TARGETED SANCTIONS WERE ESPECIALLY EFFECTIVE
SK/N18. SUDAN/INDIA-PAKISTAN
1. SANCTIONS ON SUDAN HAVE POTENTIAL FOR SUCCESS
2. SANCTIONS SLOWED INDIA-PAKISTAN NUCLEAR ARMS RACE
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Published by: Cheap_Indian on Sep 02, 2010
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