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Indo-US Relations in 21st Century

Indo-US Relations in 21st Century

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Published by Dr. Afroz Alam

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Published by: Dr. Afroz Alam on Sep 06, 2010
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01/30/2013

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INDO-US RELATIONSHIP IN 21
st
CENTURY 
BY 1.
PROF. (DR.) FAIZAN MUSTAFA
VICE-CHANCELLORNATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY ORISSACUTTACK-753008, ORISSA, INDIA
AND
2. DR. AFROZ ALAM
 ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF POLITICSNATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, ORISSAMOBILE: +919438303041E-MAIL:afrozalam2@gmail.comafroz@nluo.ac.in
 
“Our rapidly growing and deepening friendship with India offers benefits to all the world’s citizens and the peopleof India should know they have no better friend and partner than the people of the United State.”
President Barack Obama
issued this statement in commemoration of Republic Day of India on January 26,2009.
“We in America look to the rise of India as an opportunity, a chance to work with a great fellow democracy to share not only the benefits of the international system, but indeed, the burdens and the responsibilities of maintaining it, of strengthening it, and defending it. We are eager to continue charting a global partnership with India, one that addresses the global challenges upon which the safety and success of every nation now depends: stemming nuclear proliferation, fighting terrorism, combating disease, protecting the environment, supporting education and upward mobility, expanding economic development, and promoting freedom under the rule of law.”
Condoleezza Rice
, the then-Secretary of State, laid out this perspective at the U.S.-India Business Conference in 2007 inWashington"So when it comes to the sphere of our work, building a future of greater prosperity, opportunity and security for our people, there is no doubt; I have to go India. But even more, I am proud to go to India, and I look forward tothe history that we will make together, progress that will be treasured not just by this generation but by generationsto come."
President Barack Obama
said this while announcing his plan to visit India (in early November 2010) at the four dayseminar on ‘India and the United States: A Strategic Partnership' in June 2010.
INTRODUCTION
For decades since India’s independence, United States had lacked key strategic, diplomatic and commercialinterests in India and, in turn, Indian policymakers, committed to some variant of the doctrine of nonalignment,had frequently found themselves at odds with the US.The relations between the US and India in the past can beunderstood in the following phrase, “In each decade and in each administration, the expectation of each side of the other exceeded the ability of the other to deliver”. With the fading of Cold War constraints, the roller coaster character of Indo-American relation startexperiencing a paradigm shift and both the countries began exploring the possibilities for a more normalizedrelationship in the post cold war framework of the global politics. India is emerging in the 21st century asincreasingly vital to core of U.S. foreign policy interests.The US approach to its current phase of relations withIndia seem to be predicated on the fact that India having ‘lost’ its Soviet patron, which is by no means a correctassumption keeping in mind the economic and military co-operation with Russia, will now be more co-operative in dealing with global issues such as human rights, free trade, proliferation of weapons of massdestruction, and might even be interested in some kind of security arrangement against China, Iran and Iraqwhich are seen as threatening vital American economic interests, if proper inducements are offered. A permanent seat of the UNSC for India has now become a subject of intense debate.
 
In particular, the growing realisation in United States for making India as a regional ally is based upon theseveral strategic reasons. These are as follows:
With a population of over a billion people, relatively stable political and economic structures, andgrowing conventional and nuclear power, India is seen in the White House as a country which may prove to be a useful partner in meeting challenges confronting the United States' policies within SouthAsia and the larger Asia-Pacific region and more specificallyin terms of India’s potential tocounterweight to China’s growing clout.
India has been in the midst of major and rapid economic expansion with an economy projected to soon be the world’s third largest. With an average 9 percent GDP growth since 2006 and robust growth in theservices, manufacturing and industry sectors, India has emerged the second-fastest rate of growthamong the world’s 20 largest economies. India’s long-term economic potential is also tremendous, andrecent strides in the technology sector have brought international attention to such new global high-techcenters as Bangalore and Hyderabad. The current growth rate of India’s increasingly service-driveneconomy is among the highest in the world and has brought the benefits of development to manymillions of citizens. Many U.S. business interests view India as a lucrative market and candidate for foreign investment. The United States supports India’s efforts to transform its once quasi-socialisteconomy through fiscal reform and market opening.
Moreover, since 2001, Indians have been the largest foreign student population on American collegecampuses, with nearly 95,000 students in 2008 comprising fully 15% of all foreign students in theUnited States. At the same time, over the past seven years, legal Indian immigrants have come to theUnited States at a more rapid rate than any other group. In 2005 and 2006, the Indian-Americancommunity, relatively wealthy, geographically dispersed, and well-entrenched in several U.S. businesssectors. Keeping in view of the above strategic factors, a strong bi-partisan consensus is building up in the US whichemphasizes the need and desirability of having good relations with India that maycover a wide spectrum of issues, ranging from the militarized dispute with Pakistan and weapons proliferation to concerns about regionalsecurity, terrorism, human rights, health, energy, and trade and investment opportunities.In this particular context, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and India’s immediate and unprecedentedsupport to United States further accelerated the process of Indo-US cooperation on a wide range of issues,including space and scientific collaboration, civilian nuclear safety, and broadened economic ties. Notable progress has come in the area of security cooperation, with an increasing focus on counterterrorism, jointmilitary exercises, and arms sales. However, the road for “strategic partnership” between India and US basedon shared values such as democracy, pluralism, and rule of law have been taken with the onset of 21
st
century.Since then numerous economic, securities, and global initiatives, including plans for civilian nucleacooperation, are underway.

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