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Chemistry(MAke It Easy To Learn)

Chemistry(MAke It Easy To Learn)

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Published by Ashraf Shaharudin
klu ader slah tlong inform...
klu ader slah tlong inform...

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Published by: Ashraf Shaharudin on Sep 08, 2010
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07/17/2012

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CHEMISTRY 
Make It Easy To Learns (MIATL PROJECT 1)
What is the relationship between CHAPTER 6(Form4) : Electrochemistry andCHAPTER 3 (Form 5): Oxidation and Reduction?
Let make it simple The formula related to this process is
REDCAT
and
OXINODE.What it mean exactly?
REDCAT -
Reduction
process occur at
cathode
OXINODE -
Oxidation
process occur at
anodeWhat is Oxidation process and Reduction process related
 
both chapter ?
Oxidation Process-Loss of electron- Increase of oxidation numberReduction Process-Gain of electron- Decrease of oxidation number
Loss or Gain electron how we know?
We have to method to know this:1.From the
equation given
or
equation we make
2.From the word
discharge/release of electron
 This also helps us to check whether the equation we make Correct or Not.Example: voltaic cell - electrode used Mg and CaCathode (Reduction): Mg
2+
+
e
 
MgAnode (Oxidation): Ca
Ca
2+
+
eDid you see now?Increase/decrease of oxidation number? I don’t understand this?
Let look at the example given:Look at the chargeCathode (Reduction): Mg
2+
+
e
 
Mg2+
0Anode (Oxidation): Ca
Ca
2+
+
e
0
2+ This also mean at the Cathode liquid change to solid and at the anode is Vice Versa
What is the deferent between Electrolytic and Voltaic cell?
Electrolytic CellVoltaic Cell
Electrical Reaction
to
ChemicalReactionChemical Reaction
to
ElectricalReaction
Cation and AnionCation only The ion discharge at
cathode(Cation)
and
Anode(Anion)
 The ion discharge at
cathode andanode
is
Cation only
 
Cathode(Negative terminal) andAnode(Positive terminal)Cathode(Positive terminal) andAnode(Negative terminal)Required a source of electric currentDoes not required a source of electriccurrentElectrode from same materialTwo different metals 
We have 2 state of electrolytic cell right? What it is?
Molten compound and aqueous solution
What is the different?MOLTEN COMPOUNDAQEUOUS SOLUTION
DO NOT HAVE ANY FACTOR AFFECTDISCHARGE OF IONHAVE 3 THREE FACTOR DISCHARGE OFIONDO NOT HAVE OH
-
AND H
+
HAVE OH
-
AND H
+
In
molten compound
the ion discharge is own compoundExample:Molten PbBr the ion discharge is Pb
2+
and Br
-
In
aqueous solution
we have three factors affect the discharge of ion1.Position of ion in Electrochemical Series2.Concentration of ion in the electrolyte3.Types of electrode used
Can you explain me the factor above? Sure.
1.
Position in Electrochemical series
(ECS)Example:
Cathode:
Zn
2+
and H
+
the ion discharge is Zn
2+
.This because H
+
has located lower than Zn
2+
in ECS.Zn
2+
+ 2e
Zn
Anode:
Br
-
and OH
-
the ion discharge is OH
-
. This because OH
-
has located lower than Br
-
inECS.4OH
-
 
H
2
O + 2O
2
+ 4e
(memorise this)
2.
Concentration ion in electrolyte the
ion discharge same with
molten compound
because the concentration of water(OH
-
and H
+
) is very low and do not choose todischarge
3.Type of Electrode
 The electrode used must another from
carbon and platinum
because they are
inertelectrode
Example: The electrode used is Cu.
Cathode:
Cu
2+
+ 2e
Cu
Anode:
Cu
Cu
2+
+ 2e
 
 This process used in:
1.Extraction of metals2.Purification of metals3.Electroplating of metalsCaution
the
solution used
must be the
same with electrode used
.Example:Cu electrode used. The solution use CuSO
4
.
Now I know about Electrolytic Cell but what about Voltaic Cell?
Okay let me explainIn
Voltaic Cell
we have only one factor affect the discharge of ion. The factor is Position in ECS. The ion occur in this
Voltaic Cell
is only a
Cation.
 The
cation
selective to discharge(release electron) is the ion has
located higher in ECS
Example:Zn
2+
and Mg
2+
the ion selective to discharge is Mg
2+
.
Anode:
Mg
Mg
2+
+ 2e
Cathode:
Zn
2+
+ 2e
Zn 
Is that the Voltaic Cell Process same with Rusting Process?
Almost
Almost, what is the different actually?Voltaic Cell ProcessRusting Process
 The
discharge of ion
at
cathode
is
Cation
 The
discharge of ion
at
cathode
is
water
2O
2
+ H
2
O + 4e
4OH
-
At
anode
both are
same
factor affect the discharge of ion
Can you explain about rusting process?
Sure. To form a
rusting,Fe(OH)
2
at anode
the ion have to discharge
must be Fe
2+
. Thus we canprevent rusting by three methods:1.Alloying2.Sacrificial Protection
Iron
connected with
more electropositive metal/higher place than metal in ECS.
3.Protective Coating/Painting
What about voltaic cell process and Redox reaction, is that same?
No, now I explain to you.
Voltaic CellRedox reactionCathode
(positive terminal) and
Anode
(negative terminal)

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