Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant
The anholonomic frame method seems to be eﬀective in constructing exact solu-tions of the Ricci ﬂow equations.
Such equations were introduced by Hamilton
in order to describe the geometric evolution of a Riemannian manifold (
we denote the metric, in the direction of its Ricci tensor Ric(
see reviewsof results and applications in Refs. 20–22. There is a vast potential use of thisgeometric approach in theoretical physics and cosmology.
It is known that there is a unique solution for the Ricci ﬂow with boundedcurvature on a complete noncompact manifold.
A very important task is to con-struct exact solutions for the Ricci ﬂow equations and to investigate their physicalimplications. The purpose of this work is two-fold. The ﬁrst one is to elaborate ageneral method of constructing exact Ricci ﬂow solutions for certain classes of oﬀ-diagonally deformed metric ansatz, both for connections with trivial and nontrivialtorsion. The other is to construct explicit examples of such 4D exact solutions, forTaub-NUT-like metrics, to analyze their physical properties and to show that theymay possess nontrivial limits to the Einstein spaces.The structure of the paper is as follows: In Sec. 2, we deﬁne a new geometricapproach in constructing exact solutions for Ricci ﬂows of generic oﬀ-diagonalmetrics. The approach is based on the so-called anholonomic frame method withassociated nonlinear connection structure. We construct a general class of integralvarieties of Ricci ﬂow equations and deﬁne the constrains for the Levi-Civita con-ﬁgurations. In Sec. 3, we apply the formalism to 4D Taub-NUT conﬁgurations andtheir oﬀ-diagonal Ricci ﬂows. The last section is devoted to conclusions and discus-sion. In Appendix, we outline the necessary material from the geometry of nonlinearconnections and related nonholonomic deformations.
2. Nonholonomic Ricci Flows
In this section, we introduce an oﬀ-diagonal ansatz for metrics depending on threecoordinates and consider the anholonomic frame method of constructing exact solu-tions for the system of equations deﬁning Ricci ﬂows of metrics subjected to non-holonomic constraints.
The normalized Ricci ﬂows,
with respect to a coordinate base
are deﬁned by the equations
∂ ∂τ g
is the Ricci tensor of a metric
and corresponding Levi-Civitaconnection
and the normalizing factor
is introduced in order to
By deﬁnition, this connection is torsionless and metric compatible.