Selling cost may be high- if productis so technical then selling force should be highly qualified.
“A method which involvescompleting one operation at a time on all units before performing the next iscalled batch production”.
“Batch production is amethod of production in which a number of items are processed at the sametime”.
“It involves production of identical product in separate batches where the whole units of product goesthrough in the whole production process together”.
Examples: A baker uses batch production when baking bread or other bakery items. Theoperations in the baking process are broken down in to different stages. Ineach stage operation is completed for a group of products (the batch) before the batch is moved on the next stage.
Organization of work in different stages
Each operation is completed for a group of product beforethe batch is moved to the next operation.
Used for product having regular demand.
Minor changes can be made on customer demand for thewhole batch.
Repetition of work is involved.
It falls between job and flow production methods.
Flexibility in production even large quantities is produced. Each batch can be change according to customer demand.
Employees can concentrate on operation rather than the wholetask. This reduces the need of costly skilled labor.
It provides opportunities for quality control as a batch movedthrough different stages.
Careful planning and coordination needed otherwise machineryand workers may be idle waiting for a whole batch to finish its previous operation.
Workforce may be less motivated due to repetitive work.
If batch is small then cost will be high.
A large amount of capital is tied up in work in process.3)
“The manufacturing of a product using a continuous production line.”
“A method of organizing the work so that each item move to next stage assoon as a process is completed without waiting for the other products.”
Examples: Pepsi Cola production plant, sugar industry,