Rainwater Harvest & Groundwater recharge
Basins or percolation tanks.
check dams and Nala bunds
Ditch and furrow system
b. Direct sub surface techniques
Injection wells or recharge wells
Recharge pits and shafts-vertical & Lateral.
Dug well recharge
Bore hole flooding
Natural openings, cavity fillings.
c. Combination surface
Basin or percolation tanks with pit shaft orwells.
d. Indirect Techniques
Induced recharge from surface watersource.
a. The direct surface techniques
or spreadingmethods are suitable where large area of basin isavailable and aquifers are unconfined withoutimpervious layer above it.The various spreadingmethods are-
2.1 Flooding or over irrigation
This method is suitable for relatively flattopography. The water is spread as a thin sheet. Itrequires a system of distribution channel for thesupply of water for flooding. Higher rate ofvertical infiltration is obtained on areas withundisturbed vegetation and sandy soil covering.
Channel spreading with small
‘L’ shaped bund.