- a dye which attaches to the fiber by forming a
bond; alsocalled fibre reactive dye. Reactive dyes are known for their bright colors and very good toexcellent lightfastness and washfastness, though poor resistance to chlorine bleach. There areseveral broad classes of reactive dyes. Most are intended for
- a colored substance that is insoluble in water, usually in the form of a finepowder
Pigments are used to color many types of paint, including some textile paints, and almostall “inks” used for screen printing (“silkscreen” printing).
: Disperse dye
- a dye that is almost totally insoluble in water. Disperse dyes existin the dye bath as a suspension or dispersion of microscopic particles, with only a tiny amount intrue solution at any time. They are the only dyes that are effective for “normal”
Garment dye is dye used to color garments. It is used in the garment dyeingprocess, in which finished garments are colored with the use of dye. In the garment industry,garment dyeing is highly flexible and useful type of dyeing. This process can be used to createcustom garments for specific events, and also to create stock to respond to demands for particular colors and styles.
: The term vat
relates to dyes of any chemical class that are applied by the vatprocess. The dyes are insoluble in water and cannot be used directly for dyeing, but on reductionto a
form they become soluble in presence of an alkali and acquire affinity for cellulosicfibers.
Sulfur dyes are the most commonly useddyesmanufactured for cottonin terms of
volume. They are cheap, generally have good wash-fastness and are easy to apply. The generaldisadvantage of the Sulphur dyes that they produce dull shades and lack a red. The mainadvantage lays in their cheapness, ease of application and good wash-fastness.The use of Sulphur dyes is restricted to dull brown, Khaki and Navy shades
Rotary screen printing
Rotary screen printing involves a series of revolving screens, each with revolving screens, eachwith a stationary squeegee inside which forces the print paste onto the fabric. Twenty or morecolours can be printed at the same time. The process is much quicker and more efficient than flatscreen printing. Since the 1970s it has grown to dominate the textile printing market.
Reactive dye printing
Reactive dye printing is a method of printing adyeor waxby using mixes there of to create
colors. With a binder and a heat-activated printing additive, images can be permanently bondedto the substrate (typically textiles, but can include cellulose, fibers, polyester, and even proteins).These reactions are generally heat-activated.
A third printing technique is known as flock printing. Here an adhesive is printed in a design onthe fabric. Next, the fabric is covered with cut fiber known as flock. The fiber is then embedded inthe adhesive by one of various techniques such as compressed air, the shaking process, or theelectrostatic process. Once the fiber is embedded in the resin, the resin is cured to firmly fix thefiber. This technique produces a three-dimensional pile surface effect in a specific design on thefabric.
Pigments are widely used in textile printing, with about 45% of all textile prints produced usingpigments. Unlike dyes, they do not directly associate with the textile fibres but are fixed to the