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Common Concerns and Findings in Philippine Organics

Common Concerns and Findings in Philippine Organics

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Published by rodelsinapilo
Common Concerns and Findings in Philippine Organics
Common Concerns and Findings in Philippine Organics

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Published by: rodelsinapilo on Jul 03, 2008
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09/21/2010

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Background53Value Chain Analysis
The Organic Products Value Chain Cross Reference Matrix
FIRM INFRASTRUCTUREFINDINGS CONCERNS RECOMMENDATIONS
Producers need to complywith standards andrequirements for organicproduction and obtaincertification prior tomarketing of theirproducts as organicproduce.The process of gettingcertified is long andentails strict adherence tothe requirements set bythe certifying body. Only afew producers apply fororganic inspection andcertification. Some firmshave difficultymaintaining theircompliance with suchstandards.Provide support to farmsand enterprises that wantto undertake or convert toorganic farming orproduction bydisseminating informationon the requirementsneeded for certification,establishing a source forhandling technicalinquiries and relatedmatters. Tax incentivesmay also be consideredfor organic producers.These measures could beestablished with thecooperation of government and the BSOsin the organic sector.Producers lack capital toinvest in equipmentacquisition, facilitiesupgrading and even forproduction and processingactivities.Lack of proper equipment,facilities and operatingcapital limits theproduction capability of farmers and organicprocessors.Government can provide aspecial guarantee orfunding mechanismavailable for organicproducers. This can beundertaken incoordination with the DTI,DA, DOST and governmentfinancial institutions.
INBOUND LOGISTICS
 
Small producers havelimited capability toprepare proposals anddocumentary requirementsof financing institutions toobtain loans.This situation limits theresources and capacity of small producers to makecapital investments thatcan improve productquality and quantity.Provide support on loanrequirements and makeavailable a specialguarantee mechanismresponsive to the financialneeds of organicproducers. Tap the help of the DTI, DA, DOST andSBGFC, among others.Human Resource ManagementProducers turn out limitedvolume of organic producedue to their " wait andsee" attitude thatprevented full conversionof their operations toorganic farming.Organic producers andprocessors are not able tomaximize tradeopportunities offered bythe export market becauseof limited supply.Organize massiveinformation drive onmarket opportunities fororganic produce. Helpestablish organic demofarms that serve as modelsfor potential organicproducers. Seek thesupport of LGUs to expandorganic producing areas.
 
54State of the Sector Report - Philippine Organic Products
INBOUND LOGISTICSFindings Concerns Recommendations
Human Resource Management (continued)Producers have limitedknowledge on newdevelopments regardingcomposting process andmicrobial preparationssuch as vermi-compost andnatural farming.Producers are notencouraged to make theirown organic inputs. Theyresort to buying organicinputs which add to theircost or may useconventional inputs.Conduct training onproduction of desiredorganic inputs within thegrowers' own farms.Support private sectoradvocates that conductextension services oncomposting process andmicrobial preparationsthat utilize farm by-products.Some farmers do nothonor the terms of contract growingarrangements. This may bedue to calamities andfarmers' interest toincrease their incomegiven their financialconstraints.Lack of commitment andpole vaulting of somefarmers will damagerelationships with partnersand in the long term leadto financial losses due toloss of loyal buyers.Develop effective,mutually beneficialpartnership in contractgrowing activities byproviding valuesorientation, shared equityarrangement and otherforms of socialpreparations to enablefarmers to respect theterms of contract growing.Technology DevelopmentAverage yield in organicproduction is perceived tobe lower or at par withthat of conventionalmethods during theconversion stage.The perception that yieldis lower discouragespotential organicproducers. If technologiesrelated to conversion arenot disseminated, organicproduction output will belimited.Develop and sustainorganic conversion processteams which can transfertechnologies to farmersand producers nationwide.Conduct massiveinformation drive tocorrect misconceptionspertaining to organicfarming and to highlightsuccess stories.Receiving records arelumped for both organicand conventional products,particularly among smallscale enterprises.Inefficient recording willcause incorrect inventoryand will make traceabilityof organic product from itssource difficult orimpossible.Develop and set up arecording system thatallows for a clearseparation of organic fromconventional products,including proper labelingof organic products.Farm produce are notsegregated properlyaccording to categories (organic, in-conversion orconventional) duringwarehousing/ stocking.Contamination or co-mingling of organicproduce with non-organicresults from impropersegregation.Develop a system thatallows segregation of produce with differentorganic qualities duringstorage.
 
Background55
INBOUND LOGISTICSFindings Concerns Recommendations
ProcurementSupply of organic inputseither produced in farm orpurchased is insufficient,inappropriate, and/or notof desired quality.Lack of appropriate inputs,quality and quantity-wise,will hamper productionand producers will not beable to serve orders.Develop a database of suppliers with indicationsas to the quantity andquality of organic inputsthat they can provide.Disseminate informationfrom the database toproducers.Planting materials maybetreated with chemicals notallowed in the nationalstandards for organicproduce; certified organicfertilizers are notavailable or are limited inquantity.If reliable sources of organic seeds, plantingmaterials and fertilizersare limited or not widelydisseminated, producerswill not be able to turnout organic produce whichcomplies to standards.Undertake mapping of organic producing areas inthe country to identifysources of inputs andverify their process.Screen the sources andestablish a data basesystem of reliable sources.
OPERATIONS
Human Resource ManagementProducers/ farmers are notgenerally aware andeducated on the use of organic agriculturetechnology andapproaches.If awareness and educationare on a limited scale,organic agriculture will notmake a nationwide impactand producers cannot tapmarket opportunities.Intensify/sustain efforts toeducate producers/farmers through trainingprograms by government,academe and privatesector advocates.Facilitate effectivesharing of good andcreative productionpractices. Document anddisseminate bestpractices.Social benefits for humanresources involved in thepractice of organicagriculture (farmers,workers, private sectoradvocates) areinadequate.Inadequate social benefitswill hinder the entry of new players and may evencause existingpractitioners/ personnel toshift to other industries.The sector should lobbygovernment for a policy onsocial benefits to organicworkers, i.e. a MagnaCharta for organicfarmers, workers andprivate sector advocates.Trainers and inspectors fororganic certification arenot enough.With limited personnel,organic farming andcertification methods aredisseminated only to asmall segment of thepopulation leading tolimited production output.Provide a supportmechanism and training forpotential trainers andinspectors who cantransfertechnology/information tofarmers/ producers.

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