Types of Water-EfficientToilets
Gravity: This type is found in most residences still using the older single flushmodels. The bowl of the toilet has been designed with improved siphoning(when water is pulled out) action.Vacuum-Assist: Similar to gravity type toilets but are aided by a mechanism,found in the tank, which acts a vacuum in the trapway when a toilet is flushed.Pressure-Assist: These toilets do not have flappers and rely on pressure in orderto create a strong flush. This is done with compressed air, trapped inside tank,forcing the water down
into the bowl “pushing out” waste material.
Dual Flush: While relatively new to North American, this type of water-efficienttoilet is probably the most familiar. These toilets allow the user to flush liquidwater with a 3L flush or solid waste with a 6L flush.High Efficient Toilets (HET): Generally are single flush and can be pressure-assisted but use 20% less water than 6L toilet
meaning that then a single flushuses 4.8L of water. Some models even use less.
Water Consumption by Toilet
The older model toilets with a 13L flush can wastes as much as 27 000 L a yearper person. Water consumptions drops dramatically with the use of water-efficient toilets. The low-flow models, which use 6L, only use up 14 000L a yearper person while HETs use only 8 900L. Total water conservation varies fromperson to person due to the frequency of flushes.For a family of four, this allows you to save up to 80 000L of water by using low-flow. If your residence is on a water meter this can mean a savings of $100 ormore a year.
Standard ToiletLow Flow ToiletHigh Efficiency Toilet
Litres used by a person yearly
27 000 L14 000 L8 900 L