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Technical Description - Water-Efficient Toilets

Technical Description - Water-Efficient Toilets

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Published by: ccfournier on Oct 05, 2010
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A water-efficient toilet has been designed to use 6L of water or less per flush and can be installed in anyhome, apartment, business or industrial space.Green home improvements are by far one of the biggest trends going on right now and many projectshave to do with energy and resource conservation. One of the most popular and easiest projects to takeon is replacing water-guzzling toilets for newer, water-efficient models.Older models, from thirty years ago, could use up more than 20L of water in one flush. Innovations in
the 1990’s, introduced a new model that needed only 13L of water. The push for water conservation
has introduced the latest version of toilets which have reduced the flush capacity to 6L or less.
Figure 1
Types of Water-EfficientToilets
 Gravity: This type is found in most residences still using the older single flushmodels. The bowl of the toilet has been designed with improved siphoning(when water is pulled out) action.Vacuum-Assist: Similar to gravity type toilets but are aided by a mechanism,found in the tank, which acts a vacuum in the trapway when a toilet is flushed.Pressure-Assist: These toilets do not have flappers and rely on pressure in orderto create a strong flush. This is done with compressed air, trapped inside tank,forcing the water down
into the bowl “pushing out” waste material.
Dual Flush: While relatively new to North American, this type of water-efficienttoilet is probably the most familiar. These toilets allow the user to flush liquidwater with a 3L flush or solid waste with a 6L flush.High Efficient Toilets (HET): Generally are single flush and can be pressure-assisted but use 20% less water than 6L toilet
meaning that then a single flushuses 4.8L of water. Some models even use less.
Figure 2
Water Consumption by Toilet
Water Savings
The older model toilets with a 13L flush can wastes as much as 27 000 L a yearper person. Water consumptions drops dramatically with the use of water-efficient toilets. The low-flow models, which use 6L, only use up 14 000L a yearper person while HETs use only 8 900L. Total water conservation varies fromperson to person due to the frequency of flushes.For a family of four, this allows you to save up to 80 000L of water by using low-flow. If your residence is on a water meter this can mean a savings of $100 ormore a year.
Standard ToiletLow Flow ToiletHigh Efficiency Toilet
Water Consumption
Litres used by a person yearly
27 000 L14 000 L8 900 L

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