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Movement of Substance

Movement of Substance

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Published by mannsur

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Published by: mannsur on Oct 30, 2010
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06/25/2012

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Chapter 4—Cells and Their Environment
TRUE/FALSE
1.During diffusion, molecules diffuse from a region where their concentration is low to a region wheretheir concentration is higher, until the particles are evenly dispersed.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.12.When the concentration of dissolved particles outside a cell is equal to the concentration of dissolved particles inside the cell, the cell solution is isotonic.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.1.13.Membranes are selectively permeable if they allow only certain substances to move across them.ANS:TDIF:IIOBJ:4.1.14.A cell placed in a strong salt solution would probably burst because of osmosis.ANS:FDIF:IIOBJ:4.1.25.Water will diffuse out of a cell when the cell is placed in a hypertonic solution.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.26.Osmosis is the diffusion of starch molecules through a selectively permeable membrane.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.27.The binding of specific molecules to ion channels controls the ability of particular ions to cross the cellmembrane.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.1.38.To pass through a cell membrane, water requires carrier proteins.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.49.In facilitated diffusion, carrier proteins require energy to transport substances across the cellmembrane.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.410.The transport of specific particles down their concentration gradient through a membrane by carrier  proteins is known as facilitated diffusion.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.1.411.Diffusion is an active process that requires a cell to expend a great deal of energy.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.1.1
 
12.Diffusion through ion channels is a form of active transport.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.113.Facilitated diffusion moves molecules and ions against their concentration gradient, while activetransport moves molecules and ions down their concentration gradient.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.114.Passive transport uses ATP to move molecules against their concentration gradient.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.115.In active transport, energy is required to move a substance across a cell membrane.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.116.The sodium-potassium pump requires energy to move ions across the cell membrane.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.217.The sodium-potassium pump moves sodium ions and potassium ions against their concentrationgradient.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.218.The sodium-potassium pump transports sodium ions out of a cell while causing potassium ions tomove into the cell.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.219.The sodium-potassium pump uses ATP.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.220.Exocytosis is a process that uses vesicles to capture substances and bring them into a cell.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.321.Exocytosis helps the cell rid itself of wastes.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.322.During the process of exocytosis, the cell membrane extends to engulf substances that are too big to pass through the cell membrane.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.323.Exocytosis does not use energy to expel proteins from the cell.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.3
 
24.Receptor proteins pump sodium ions into a cell.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.425.Receptor proteins may cause the formation of a second messenger molecule inside a cell.ANS:TDIF:IOBJ:4.2.426.A receptor protein sends signals into a cell by transporting a specific molecule through the cellmembrane.ANS:FDIF:IOBJ:4.2.4
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.As a result of diffusion, the concentration of many types of substancesa.always remains greater inside a membrane. b.eventually becomes balanced on both sides of a membrane.c.always remains greater outside of a membrane.d.becomes imbalanced on both sides of a membrane.ANS:BDIF:IIOBJ:4.1.12.Refer to the illustration above. The process shown is calleda.osmosis.c.active transport. b.facilitated diffusion.d.diffusion.ANS:DDIF:IIOBJ:4.1.13.Diffusion is the movement of a substancea.only through a lipid bilayer membrane. b.from an area of low concentration to an area of higher concentration.c.only in liquids.d.from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration.ANS:DDIF:IIOBJ:4.1.14.The dispersal of ink in a beaker of water is an example of a.diffusion.c.active transport. b.osmosis.d.endocytosis.ANS:ADIF:IOBJ:4.1.15.The diffusion of water into or out of a cell is called

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