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Patanjali's Yoga Sutras

Patanjali's Yoga Sutras



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Published by J.v.Sivaram Kumar

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: J.v.Sivaram Kumar on Nov 09, 2010
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Samadhi Pada (chapter one) is an overview of the structure of enlightened living (living ina constant state of samadhi). It describes the overall yogic context while outlining its basicassumptions, goals, and processes. It describes yoga as the process of consciousintegration or union liberating the yogi from a fragmented egoic and limited mind frame, which operates from the assumption of a boxed-in and repressed sense of "self"; aconsciousness which has become corrupted, split apart, isolated, and separated from thetrue nature of one's own mind and its greater evolutionary creative potential, their realunfabricated condition, the universal and transpersonal unpolluted nature of mind, theand one's innate primordial source of consciousness. Living in deep communion with thisthis integrity brings forth a deeply meaningful and fulfilling life because the blockages andobscurations between our causal spiritual omnipresent essence, beginningless formlesseternal spirit, or luminous heart-seed of the the all pervading intelligent consciousnessprinciple (cit) is no longer denied. Although words, fail to describe nirbija (seedless)samadhi, rather yoga describes practices about how to abide in this direct experience. Assuch, it is certain that realizing the fruit of yoga is not a trivial pursuit.Describing that process, Sri Patanjali necessarily starts at the beginning, addressing how egoic consciousness operating in that reduced and limited mindset of the small (egoic)"self" has become habituated. In the egoic mindset, the great innate evolutionary potential which is our birthright has become repressed, hindered, corrupted, distorted, modified,fragmented, veiled, separated, disconnected, interrupted, disrupted, and/or madediscontinuous through unnatural conditioning. Hence our true universal evolutionary nature has become locked up in the limited confines, prisons, and confusion of theindividual "mind-field" (citta-vrtti).Here in chapter I (I.2-3), Sri Patanjali defines yoga as the cessation of the fragmentedprocesses of the mind-field, which when purified reveals the true nature of the mind.Samadhi Pada (like chapter II, Sadhana Pada, then describes process oriented practices, which transform the pre-existing limited programming of what appears as an inured worldof a separated and fragmented mindset and identity, eventually reuniting and reconnectingour experience to a direct communion with boundless, transpersonal, universal sourcethrough yoga (union) HERE and NOW. This transpersonal force is nothing other thanultimate love, as both the motivation and the result.This connection (yoga) with primordialsource is the ultimate and most complete state of union, samadhi. In short, man's spiritualmilieu is that his cognitive faculties have become dumbed down and disconnected from thegreat Integral web of Creator/Creation -- from the mother of creativity. Ultimate love is thetransmission of universal transpersonal samadhi. The disconnection from this love, is aserious disability, the source of liability and pain. Breakage of this communion is caused by 
Patanjali's Yoga Sutras
Pada Oneh
p://www.rainbowbody.net/HeartMind/Yogasutra1.htm1 of 20711/9/2010 10:24
negative programming rooted in transgenerational spiritual self alienation calledignorance or unawareness (avidya). This limited mindset is the cause of suffering (duhkha)and dissatisfaction. It is eliminated by skillful yogic practice, which lead to awareness, waking up, liberation, an d the evolutionary free expression of universal love.Thus in this sense, yoga is the process of taking us back HOME where we dwell in ouroriginal unconditioned and unmodified true nature (swarupa) NOW. This opens us to our vast creative potential. It must be emphasized that this going HOME is not an escape from"reality" but only a distancing from the sphere of confusion. When we come back home inauthentic yoga, we arrive in a sacred here/presence -- are very present. The journey hometo source is realized in the NOW. Hence going to source is unidirectional (only half of theprocess where we are becoming more present). The descent of grace or the return is theother half of the wave which is multidimensional and eternal now. Apologies are sincerely offered to the reader who may find this non-dual framework unusual or confusing, but thedepth of yoga defies most words and concepts..In the Yoga Sutras, the modifications, swaying, tides or biasing of the mind, or instability iscalled citta-vrtti in Sanskrit. This mental state, called citta-vrtti, are modified frameworks which the unlimited nature of consciousness has become boxed-in or trapped. It is modernmankind's ordinary and normal (but not natural) egoic condition. What makes thismindset sick, is that this corrupted, distorted, fragmented, and impaired state of disturbed, obscured, agitated patterning (vrtti) of consciousness (citta) which manifestslike as a wavelike ripple muddling the clear waters like a distorted lens, pattern and/orlimited skew, habitually imposes itself as "normality" upon the natural unobstructed, vast,and profound panorama of pure unconditioned consciousness (cit). As long as "normal" isconfused with "natural", nature and spontaneity will continue to be suspect and feared. Vrtti attach to the citta producing citta-vrtti; that is, producing artificial, biased, skewed,prejudicial, and limited thought patterns. In short, a spin, which solidifies the stagnant andcoarse state of chronic separation and spiritual self alienation condenses as characterized by a consensus modality of dualistic, egoic, and fearful thinking, based on greed and selfishneed. This fragmented and alienated mindset then manifests itself in terms of humanactions and institutions, at the cost of love, communion, fulfillment, and community. Thusthis process of establishing integration and re-identification within the sphere of universaltimeless ever-present samadhi all the time is the subject of yogic practice (I.5 all the way tothe end of pada I, while ending in nirbija samadhi).This citta-vrtti (mind spin/bias), characterized by specific recurring thought patterns andactivities, is both the result of our past programs and patterns of conditioning, which limitour experience of the Primordial Now awareness, and also the source of future citta-vrtti(until that cycle of citta-vrtti is broken). Therefore, it is the vrtti (with its concomitantsamskaras, kleshas, vasana, and karma), which is the operating principles of avidya(unawareness or limited awareness), which in turn are the causal constituents of thespiritual disconnect/discontinuity. These afflictive operating mechanisms (vrtta) must beidentified and released. Authentic yoga practice in turn cancels out, annuls, and releases(nirodha) these vrtti, not by ignoring them, but by recognizing them. Once they arerecognized, they can be released into the clear light of awareness. When they are so
Patanjali's Yoga Sutras
Pada Oneh
p://www.rainbowbody.net/HeartMind/Yogasutra1.htm2 of 20711/9/2010 10:24
released (vairagya), then the self luminous love of samadhi can shine through withoutobstruction. When we have this realization we are thus enabled to reconnect -- reunitingeternal spirit with our embodiment -- as a manifestation of living love in the present,thence it is said that we abide in our own true self nature (swarupa). Thus yoga is definedas the process which removes the vrtti while the corpus of yoga are the processes andapplications of the techniques (sadhana) which attenuate and releases (nirodha) theacquired component stains upon pure consciousness (cit), thus allowing a balance,harmony, and synchronicity to occur between our consciousness and our actual state of  being or rather the unitive state of pure consciousness, pure beingness, and pure blissco-arise (sat-cit-ananda). Then yoga is clearly known as the process that brings us bacinto our natural true state (swarupa). As such yoga is both a verb and a noun. It is the process, the action, technique, and spirit which motivates us toward integrity and union -- it is our love; and this love manifests asthe result of union itself. Samadhi (reunification) is the object, fruit, result, and fulfillmentof that love in action. Simply put, this is what the entire
Yoga Sutras
are about and whichis the essential statement of chapter I, sutras 1-3 of the
Yoga Sutra
"The chitta, by its own nature, is endowed with all knowledge. It is made of sattva particles, but is covered by rajas and tamas particles; and by pranayama this covering is removed." 
 Vivekananda, page 181
 Raja Yoga
Thus the many practices (sadhana) of yoga can be described as "processes" andprocedures that deprogram the negative conditioning thus liberating the individual'smodified consciousness from the conditioned matrix of limited "reality" back into itsOriginal, Natural, Primordial, and Unmodified state -- the very Source of our love,inspiration, genius, creativity, and evolutionary motive which freely flows through the yogic(connected) vessel. This is described as the realization of the non-dual state (where eternalspirit is no longer absent) of Union (as yoga). Thus the
Yoga Sutras
describe processes(gives practices) how an average partially sentient being, who may be so motivated, may rid themselves of confused, lonely, alienated, nihilistic, and fragmented tendencies,conflict, and pain, and become reunited, harmonized, connected, and integrated with one'strue natural innate universal order of reality-as-it-truly is -- in its own true form(swarupa); and thus unite in forming a natural and spontaneous sense of confidence andmeaning, belonging as an intimate part of creation (and hence the creative/evolutionary force) in integrity -- in this very life, in the present, and in
 A ll Our elations
. Thisawareness produces a profound sense of freedom, well-being, contentment, fulfillment,peace, joy, and love, which is devoid of fear, insecurity, or attachment.In the first three sutras (sutra means thread and these threads weave a fabric), Patanjali weaves a concise and integral definition of Yoga. Concisely, he says; that yoga is a processof becoming free from limited patterned definitions and distortions of the field of consciousness, called citta-vrtti. Then the unfettered Source of all Seeingness -- of pureunfettered universal consciousness itself -- abides as the seer inside all, and is revealed as
Patanjali's Yoga Sutras
Pada Oneh
p://www.rainbowbody.net/HeartMind/Yogasutra1.htm3 of 20711/9/2010 10:24

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