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Luminance-Dependent Latency as Measured by the Hess Effect

Luminance-Dependent Latency as Measured by the Hess Effect

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Carl von Hess is credited with an illusion in which dimmer moving objects appear to lag brighter ones.
Diffusion in the human retina explains Hess and Pulfrich illusions, and visual reaction time.
Reviews data and theories of visual latency, and related visual performance parameters.
Carl von Hess is credited with an illusion in which dimmer moving objects appear to lag brighter ones.
Diffusion in the human retina explains Hess and Pulfrich illusions, and visual reaction time.
Reviews data and theories of visual latency, and related visual performance parameters.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: John Michael Williams on Nov 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/07/2013

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J. M. Williams Luminance and the Hess Effect 1
Luminance-Dependent Latencyas Measured by the Hess Effect
byJohn Michael Williams
Copyright (c) 1980, 2011, John Michael Williams(
jmmwill@comcast.net
, as of 2013-02-07)Permission is granted to reproduce one PDF copy and one hard copy of thisdocument, including the Preface, for personal and private, noncommercial use. All other rights are reserved.
Preface to the PDF Online Version
The original 1980 doctoral dissertation manuscript was typed double-spaced in hardcopyon a typewriter. The result was copied by Southern Illinois University and bound inletter-size, single-sided paper. Parts of it were rewritten and published in the journal,
Vision Research
, in 1983, in an article coauthored with Professor Alfred Lit, the author'sdoctoral dissertation advisor:Williams, J. M., & Lit, A. (1983) "Luminance-dependent visual latency for theHess effect, the Pulfrich effect, and simple reaction time".
Vision Research
,
23
,171-179.The current, PDF, version was composed by scanning the original manuscript on a
UMAX 
S-12 scanner at 600 dpi to TIFF bitmaps. The result then was converted to
OpenOffice Writer
v. 3.2 format. Pages which were predominantly text were converted usingthe
Tesseract
OCR program. Nontext (usually graphical) pages were imported as bitmapfigures.The
Writer
document then was rectified by hand; this entailed considerable manualeditting, especially for formulas, tables, equations, and references. Page layout wasmodified slightly in this process, although pagination generally was preserved. Figureswere combined with figure captions, although these were on separate pages in thedissertation hardcopy manuscript. Formulas sometimes were reformatted to fit on oneline. A few minor errors, mostly of the typo variety, have been corrected, and a couple of minoradditions were made in the introductory matter. Words originally typed underlined foremphasis generally were put in italics, often bolded.
The 2011-01-01 version correctsa few newly-found typoes and improves the formatting of some equations.
The original dissertation ms is available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor,Michigan (Abstract #8213538, 1980). A web site dedicated to the Pulfrich, Hess, andrelated effects, with explanations, literature, and animations, is maintained by theauthor at
www.siu.edu/~pulfrich
.
 
J. M. Williams Luminance and the Hess Effect 2
LUMINANCE-DEPENDENT LATENCY AS MEASURED BY THE HESS EFFECT
byJohn Michael WilliamsB. A., Columbia University, 1969A. M., University of Chicago, 1976A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfilmentof the Requirements for the Degreeof Doctor of PhilosophyDepartment of Psychologyin the Graduate SchoolSouthern Illinois UniversityAugust, 1980
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J. M. Williams Luminance and the Hess Effect 3
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