J. M. Williams Luminance and the Hess Effect 1
Luminance-Dependent Latencyas Measured by the Hess Effect
byJohn Michael Williams
Copyright (c) 1980, 2011, John Michael Williams(
, as of 2013-02-07)Permission is granted to reproduce one PDF copy and one hard copy of thisdocument, including the Preface, for personal and private, noncommercial use. All other rights are reserved.
Preface to the PDF Online Version
The original 1980 doctoral dissertation manuscript was typed double-spaced in hardcopyon a typewriter. The result was copied by Southern Illinois University and bound inletter-size, single-sided paper. Parts of it were rewritten and published in the journal,
, in 1983, in an article coauthored with Professor Alfred Lit, the author'sdoctoral dissertation advisor:Williams, J. M., & Lit, A. (1983) "Luminance-dependent visual latency for theHess effect, the Pulfrich effect, and simple reaction time".
,171-179.The current, PDF, version was composed by scanning the original manuscript on a
S-12 scanner at 600 dpi to TIFF bitmaps. The result then was converted to
v. 3.2 format. Pages which were predominantly text were converted usingthe
OCR program. Nontext (usually graphical) pages were imported as bitmapfigures.The
document then was rectified by hand; this entailed considerable manualeditting, especially for formulas, tables, equations, and references. Page layout wasmodified slightly in this process, although pagination generally was preserved. Figureswere combined with figure captions, although these were on separate pages in thedissertation hardcopy manuscript. Formulas sometimes were reformatted to fit on oneline. A few minor errors, mostly of the typo variety, have been corrected, and a couple of minoradditions were made in the introductory matter. Words originally typed underlined foremphasis generally were put in italics, often bolded.
The 2011-01-01 version correctsa few newly-found typoes and improves the formatting of some equations.
The original dissertation ms is available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor,Michigan (Abstract #8213538, 1980). A web site dedicated to the Pulfrich, Hess, andrelated effects, with explanations, literature, and animations, is maintained by theauthor at