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Table Of Contents

1.1 Conservation laws and constitutive equations
2.1 Order of magnitude estimates
2.2 Wave equation for a uniform stagnant fluid and compactness
2.2.1 Linearization and wave equation
2.2.2 Simple solutions
2.2.3 Compactness
2.3 Speed of sound
2.3.1 Ideal gas
2.3.3 Bubbly liquid at low frequencies
2.4 Influence of temperature gradient
2.5 Influence of mean flow
2.6 Sources of sound
2.6.1 Inverse problem and uniqueness of sources
2.6.2 Mass and momentum injection
2.6.3 Lighthill’s analogy
2.6.4 Vortex sound
2.7 Acoustic energy
2.7.1 Introduction
2.7.2 Kirchhoff’s equation for quiescent fluids
3.1.1 Integral representations
3.1.2 Remarks on finding Green’s functions
3.2 Acoustic impedance
3.2.1 Impedance and acoustic energy
3.2.2 Impedance and reflection coefficient
3.2.3 Impedance and causality
3.2.4 Impedance and surface waves
3.2.5 Acoustic boundary condition in the presence of mean flow
3.2.6 Surface waves along an impedance wall with mean flow
3.3 Evanescent waves and related behaviour
3.3.1 An important complex square root
3.3.2 The Walkman
3.3.3 Ill-posed inverse problem
3.3.4 Typical plate pitch
3.3.5 Snell’s law
3.3.6 Silent vorticity
4 One dimensional acoustics
4.1 Plane waves
4.2 Basic equations and method of characteristics
4.2.1 The wave equation
4.2.2 Characteristics
4.2.3 Linear behaviour
4.2.4 Non-linear simple waves and shock waves
4.3 Source terms
4.4 Reflection at discontinuities
4.4.1 Jump in characteristic impedance ρc
4.4.2 Monotonic change in pipe cross section
4.4.3 Orifice and high amplitude behaviour
4.4.4 Multiple junction
4.4.5 Reflection at a small air bubble in a pipe
4.5 Attenuation of an acoustic wave by thermal and viscous dissipation
4.5.1 Reflection of a plane wave at a rigid wall
4.5.2 Viscous laminar boundary layer
4.5.3 Damping in ducts with isothermal walls
4.6 One dimensional Green’s function
4.6.1 Infinite uniform tube
4.6.2 Finite uniform tube
4.7 Aero-acoustical applications
4.7.1 Sound produced by turbulence
4.7.2 An isolated bubble in a turbulent pipe flow
4.7.3 Reflection of a wave at a temperature inhomogeneity
5 Resonators and self-sustained oscillations
5.1 Self-sustained oscillations, shear layers and jets
5.2 Some resonators
5.2.1 Introduction
5.2.2 Resonance in duct segment
5.2.3 The Helmholtz resonator (quiescent fluid)
5.2.4 Non-linear losses in a Helmholtz resonator
5.2.5 The Helmholtz resonator in the presence of a mean flow
5.3 Green’s function of a finite duct
5.4 Self-sustained oscillations of a clarinet
5.4.1 Introduction
5.4.2 Linear stability analysis
5.4.3 Rayleigh’s Criterion
5.4.4 Time domain simulation
5.5 Some thermo-acoustics
5.5.1 Introduction
5.5.2 Modulated heat transfer by acoustic flow and Rijke tube
5.6 Flow induced oscillations of a Helmholtz resonator
6 Spherical waves
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Pulsating and translating sphere
6.3 Multipole expansion and far field approximation
6.4 Method of images and influence of walls on radiation
6.5 Lighthill’s theory of jet noise
6.6 Sound radiation by compact bodies in free space
6.6.1 Introduction
6.6.2 Tailored Green’s function
6.6.3 Curle’s method
6.7 Sound radiation from an open pipe termination
7 Duct acoustics
7.1 Cylindrical ducts
7.2 Rectangular ducts
7.3 Impedance wall
7.3.1 Behaviour of complex modes
7.3.2 Attenuation
7.4 Annular hard-walled duct modes in uniform mean flow
7.5 Behaviour of soft-wall modes and mean flow
7.6 Source expansion
7.6.1 Modal amplitudes
7.6.2 Rotating fan
7.6.3 Tyler and Soffrin rule for rotor-stator interaction
7.6.4 Point source in a duct wall
7.6.5 Vibrating duct wall
7.7 Reflection and transmission at a discontinuity in diameter
7.7.1 The iris problem
7.8 Reflection at an unflanged open end
8 Approximation methods
8.1 Regular Perturbations
8.1.1 Webster’s horn equation
8.2 Multiple scales
8.3 Helmholtz resonator with non-linear dissipation
8.4 Slowly varying ducts
8.5 Reflection at an isolated turning point
8.6 Ray acoustics in temperature gradient
8.7 Refraction in shear flow
8.8 Matched asymptotic expansions
8.9 Duct junction
8.10 Co-rotating line-vortices
9 Effects of flow and motion
9.1 Moving point source and Doppler shift
9.2 Rotating monopole and dipole with moving observer
9.3 Ffowcs Williams & Hawkings equation for moving bodies
A Integral laws and related results
A.1 Reynolds’ transport theorem
A.2 Conservation laws
A.3 Normal vectors of level surfaces
B Order of magnitudes: O and o
C Fourier transforms and generalized functions
C.1 Fourier transforms
C.1.1 Causality condition
C.2 Generalized functions
C.2.1 Introduction
C.2.2 Formal definition
C.2.3 The delta function and other examples
C.2.4 Derivatives
C.2.5 Fourier transforms
C.2.6 Products
C.2.7 Higher dimensions and Green’s functions
C.2.8 Surface distributions
C.3 Fourier series
C.3.1 The Fast Fourier Transform
D Bessel functions
E Free field Green’s functions
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Acoustic Book

Acoustic Book

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Published by mangjuhai

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Published by: mangjuhai on Nov 23, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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