September 2009M.S. DEGREE EXAMINATIONBranch IV – E.N.T.(For candidates admitted from 2004-2005 to 2008-2009 onwards)Paper I – APPLIED BASIC SCIENCES INOTO RHINOLARYNGOLOGY
I. ANATOMY – Answer any FOUR: (4 x 5 = 20)
1. Pyriform fossa.It is
a potential space that lies on either side of the larynx. They are two innumber. It is shaped like a pyramid with the base pointing above and the apexbelow. They belong to the hypopharyngeal area of the pharynx. It has two parts;the shallow upper part and a deeper lower part.Boundaries: The pyriform fossa is bounded laterally by the mucosa covering thelamina of the thyroid cartilage. Medially it is bounded by the aryepiglottic fold andarytenoid cartilages above and the cricoid cartilage below. Superiorly it isbounded by the lateral glosso epilglottic fold (Pharyngoepiglottic fold), inferiorly itcontinues with the oesophagus.