The international community—led by the United States—should push for theGovernment of Sudan to provide unimpeded access for peacekeepers andhumanitarian workers to areas where fighting has taken place and whereinternally displaced persons have fled;
The United States and other parties should push for effectiveimplementation of the Darfur arms embargo that could include theembargo’s expansion;
UNAMID should collect and publish information on violence and accessissues in its area of operation; and
The U.S. should lead international efforts to support the Doha Peaceprocess, reinvigorate the peace process in a neutral location, encourage allthe parties to negotiate in good faith and make sure a cessation of hostilities agreement is signed and implemented.
A peaceful resolution to the unacceptable situation in Darfur is integral to the long-term stability of the entire region and should continue to be an integral componentof U.S. and international efforts in Sudan
What can the U.S. Government Do to Support Peace inSudan?
The United States must be prepared to take stronger actions if diplomaticefforts are not sufficient to prevent and/or halt violence.
These should bedetermined and prepared for in advance, and the United States should publically spellout consequences for negative action by Sudanese parties.
Support the renewal and expansion on UNMIS’ mandate:
The U.S. should supportthe renewal of the UNMIS mandate beyond July 9
and redefine the mandate so that apeacekeeping force will be more effective in post-CPA Sudan.
Sustain engagement throughout the process:
The U.S. should support criticalnegotiations on post- referendum issues and remain highly engaged throughout the post-referendum and post-separation process.
Ongoing Comprehensive Contingency Planning to respond to violence if/as itoccurs:
This planning should be done in coordination with our allies wherever possibleand must be kept up-to-date as the situation on the ground changes.
Ensuring flexible funds are available for emergency support:
The United Statesshould also encourage key players in the international community including UN SecurityCouncil and European Union member states to make funds available for contingencies. This includes responding quickly to any major displacement within Sudan or refugeespillover into neighboring states.
Enhance Peacekeeping Forces Capacity to Respond:
Support deployment of additional UNMIS peacekeepers to flashpoint areas, and/or if needed provide more directassistance to peacekeeping forces to quell violence.
Monitoring and intelligence gathering:
Any information on the organization orperpetration of violence should be shared as appropriate with peacekeeping forces andallies. The U.S. should be prepared to shut down military-related communication if necessary to prevent violence. The U.S. should also encourage OHCHR, OCHA, and