Growth & Development of the Head
It is the physiologic process by which an organism becomes larger.
It is a sequence of changes from the fertilization of the ovum tomaturity; it's related to cell division, differentiation, growth & maturation.
Why to study growth & development:
-You have to understand normal dental & facial growth & development towork with children; you can't distinguish the abnormal from the normal if youdon't understand the normal pattern of development.-Dentists can manipulate growth to some extent & it's important to do so intreating developmental problems in children.
Mechanism of bone growth (bone formation):
-This occurs @ cartilaginous growth centers where chondroblasts lay downa matrix of cartilage within which ossification occurs.-Examples of these centers are:
-Bone is laid down & desorbed by the investing periosteum & byendosteum within the bone. This could result in:a)
@ the junction between the adjacent bones; This type of bone formation is active in filling the fontanelles & in the general growth of calvarium. b)
as new bone is added to the surface, an equivalent endostealresoption takes place to preserve the internal architecture of the bone.