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Social Context of Norse Jarlshof

Social Context of Norse Jarlshof

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Published by oldenglishblog
Master's thesis "The Social Context of Norse Jarlshof" by Marcie Anne Kimball
Master's thesis "The Social Context of Norse Jarlshof" by Marcie Anne Kimball

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Published by: oldenglishblog on Feb 19, 2011
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11/15/2011

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THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF NORSE JARLSHOF
A ThesisSubmitted to the Graduate Faculty of theLouisiana State University andthe Arts and Science CollegeIn partial fulfillment of theRequirements of the degree of Master of ArtsinThe Department of Geography and Anthropology byMarcie Anne KimballB.S., Northwestern State University of Louisiana, 2000August 2003
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The author is grateful to her major professor Dr. Rebecca Saunders, AssociateProfessor of Anthropology, and her thesis committee members Dr. Paul Farnsworth,Associate Professor of Anthropology, and Dr. Miles Richardson, Professor of Anthropology, all of Louisiana State University. The author is also grateful to Dr. GeraldBigelow, Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Southern Maine, andto Mr. Stephen Dockrill, Director of Old Scatness Excavations, and to Dr. Julie Bond,Assistant Director of Old Scatness Excavations, for their guidance and assistance. Theauthor would also like to thank The Shetland Amenity Trust for its generous financialcontributions during her stay in Shetland and Robert Paulsell for his assistance with thegraphics.ii
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.................................................................................................iiLIST OF TABLES..….........................................................................................................vLIST OF FIGURES..…………………………………………………………………..…viABSTRACT.................................................................................................................…viiiCHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION........................................................................................1CHAPTER 2. SHETLAND: GEOGRAPHY, PREHISTORY, AND HISTORY…..…….42.1 Geography..........................................................................................................42.2 Prehistory...........................................................................................................72.3 History..............................................................................................................10CHAPTER 3. THE VIKINGS…..……………………………………………………….133.1 History of Viking Raiding and Colonization………………………………...133.1.1 Finland and Russia…………………………………………………143.1.2 England…………………………………………………………….143.1.3 Ireland……………………………………………………………...153.1.4 Manx Kingdom and Scotland……………………………………...153.1.5 The European Continent…………………………………….……..163.1.6 The Faroes, Iceland, and Unsuccessful Colonies…………………..173.1.7 Viking Literature…………………………………………………...183.2 Reasons For Raiding........................................................................................183.2.1 Population Pressure and Internal Strife…………………………….193.2.2 Religion…………………………………………………………….203.2.3 Allure of Foreign Wealth………………………………………..…203.2.4 Creating Alliances and Status…………………………………...…213.2.5 Conclusion………….……………………………………………...223.3 Shetland Viking Homeland…………………………………………………..233.4 Firehouses and Longhouses……………………………………………….…253.5 Theories Concerning the Change From Firehouses to Longhouses…………283.6 Clustering Over Time………………………………………………………..333.6.1 Odal Law, Clustering, and Environment…………………………..333.6.2 Land Management Practices……………………………………….343.7 Summary……………………………………………………………………..36CHAPTER 4. THE PICTS AND THE NORSE…………………………………………384.1 Archaeological and Literary Evidence of the Presence of the Picts in Shetlandat the Time of Norse Arrival..................................................................................39iii

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