THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPEINTRODUCTION
Man is a history-in-the-making. He has rational and instinctual abilities. Through theseabilities, he can “make” himself by actualizing his latent potentialities. This is shown through theremarkable history from the ancient up to his contemporary times. This history is a story of howman developed himself. Philosophy has played a vital role in all these.
Man defines his identitythrough his actions.
His actions are manifestations of his character and values. Man creates hisown story. Minerals like gold, diamonds and other precious stones do not make it. Animals liketigers and lions do not care about it. They merely rely on their instinct for existence. Man is theonly being that can create his own history and be conscious of it. This proves that man is basicallya gregarious historical being. He lives in history. And history is the product of the undying processof philosophical progress of man’s thoughts. What makes history possible is the existence of cognizing subjects capable of understanding themselves and the objective world. What makeshistory possibly understandable is the thing with which social groups agree to be true because of the certain level of harmony and coherence of thought. As man makes history, he uses language ashis tool along his philosophical journey. As he travels on the road of history and on his life, he philosophizes.
Philosophy is a way of life
In knowing ourselves and the mysteries of life, we encounter the necessity of philosophy. Based on its etymological definition, philosophy is a love of wisdom. This is essentially true because our knowledge is the application of wisdom and can beconsidered as experiential. As a consequence, we as knower and lovers of wisdom could be
Pope John Paul II,
The Acting Person
, ed. Thomas Bergmann, (Italy: Trandenson University Press, 1992), p. 253.
Agustin Basave Fernandez Del Valle,
Towards an Integral Philosophy of Man
, vol. 2 (New York: FordhamUniversity Press, 1965), p.18.