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r05311804 Iron Making

r05311804 Iron Making

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Aug 21, 2008
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Code No: R05311804
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
IRON MAKING
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Discuss various methods of bene\ufb01ciation of iron ores.
(b) What are the advantages of bene\ufb01ciation of iron ores?
[12+4]

2. (a) What are the objects of sintering?
(b) How the e\ufb03ciency of sintering machine is assessed?
(c) What are the operational variables to be controlled in a sintering machine?

[5+5+6]

3. (a) What are the reasons for the slope of iron blast furnace?
(b) Discuss the various blast furnace cooling systems.
(c) What are the advantages of cooling systems?

[4+8+4]
4. Discuss on the following:

(a) Reactions in stack region of the blast furnace
(b) Reaction in Bosh region of the blast furnace
(c) Reactions in hearth region of the blast furnace

[6+5+5]
5. What are the e\ufb00ects and control measures for the following elements in a blast
furnace hot metal?
(a) Phosphorous
(b) Sulphur.
[8+8]
6. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Humidi\ufb01cation of the blast
(b) High-top pressure.
[8+8]
7. (a) Explain the production of pig iron in an electric furnace.
(b) What are the irregularities in electro-smelting of iron ore?
[8+8]

8. Draw a neat sketch of reverberatory furnace, with the dimensional details, which is used for the production of wrought iron. What are the important parts of the furnace? Describe the furnace in detail?

[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: R05311804
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
IRON MAKING
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Discuss various methods of bene\ufb01ciation of iron ores.
(b) What are the advantages of bene\ufb01ciation of iron ores?
[12+4]
2. (a) Explain various types of zones in a sinter bed after the ignition of the top
layer.
(b) List out the sintering process variables and explain.
[8+8]
3. (a) Di\ufb00erentiate between blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
(b) Brie\ufb02y discuss di\ufb00erent types of operations involved in blast furnace gas clean-
ing system.
[6+10]
4. (a) Explain the signi\ufb01cance of Rist diagram.
(b) Discuss on the physical chemistry in the stack region of blast furnace. [8+8]
5. (a) What is the chemistry of sulphur reactions in blast furnace?
(b) What is the e\ufb00ect of slag volume and basicity on removal of sulphur in blast
furnace?
[8+8]
6. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:

(a) Fuel injection in a blast furnace
(b) Higher temperature of the blast and driving rate
(c) Bell-less top system.

[8+8]
7. (a) What is an electro-thermal process? Explain the smelting practice of sub-
merged arc furnace.
(b) Critically discuss the production of iron making by low shaft furnace. [8+8]
8. (a) Distinguish between dry and wet puddling processes of wrought iron produc-
tion.
(b) Explain the term \u2018Pig boiling\u2019 in the production process of wrought iron.
(c) What are the raw materials used in the production of wrought iron. Explain
the part played by each one of them in the production of wrought iron.
[6+4+6]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: R05311804
Set No. 3
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
IRON MAKING
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) Indicate the occurrence of iron ores in India and in the world.
(b) Give the list of integrated steel plants and their places.
(c) Classify and discuss the iron ores.

[5+5+6]
2. (a) What is induration of pellets? Explain the various steps to be followed during
induration of pellets.
(b) Compare the \ufb01ring cycle of pelletising in di\ufb00erent types of induration units
used in pelletisation.
[8+8]
3. Explain the construction and operation of blast furnace stoves.
[16]
4. (a) Draw a neat sketch of blast furnace and indicate di\ufb00erent zones that occur in
blast furnace operation.
(b) Discuss the various reactions that occur in di\ufb00erent zones of the blast furnace.
[8+8]
5. (a) What is the chemistry of sulphur reactions in blast furnace?
(b) What is the e\ufb00ect of slag volume and basicity on removal of sulphur in blast
furnace?
[8+8]
6. Write short notes on:
(a) Improved distribution of charge
(b) Bell-less top system.
[8+8]
7. Write short notes on the following methods of iron making:
(a) Low-shaft furnace
(b) Submerged arc furnace.
[8+8]
8. (a) Distinguish between dry and wet puddling processes of wrought iron produc-
tion.
(b) Explain the term \u2018Pig boiling\u2019 in the production process of wrought iron.
(c) What are the raw materials used in the production of wrought iron. Explain
the part played by each one of them in the production of wrought iron.
[6+4+6]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1

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