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Oakwood_rezoning Review_rev 3 2 11_final-Signed (2)

Oakwood_rezoning Review_rev 3 2 11_final-Signed (2)

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Published by: oakwoodcommons on Mar 08, 2011
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 March 2, 2011Mr. Paul Kowalczyk, Building CommissionerCity of South Euclid1349 South Green RoadSouth Euclid, Ohio 44121
: FISE LLC (Tax Parcel No. 704-27-001); Oakwood Commons;Rezoning Review #1 (R-75 to C-2); Oakwood Commons RezoningApplication (dated 1/6/11); Traffic Impact Study (dated1/22/11); Economic Impact Analysis (dated 1/13/11); CityEngineer
report (dated 1/12/11); Comprehensive Plan, 1999and 2010 revision; and Zoning Ordinance and Map.Dear Mr. Kowalczyk:At
the City’s request, w
e have completed our review of the FISE LLC
’s request to rezone
a 40.7 acre portion of 1 parcel consisting of a total of 61.8 acres from R-75 (Single Family75) District to C-2 (General Commercial) District.
Based on our review of the City’s
Comprehensive Plan, Zoning Ordinance/Map, various other documents noted above,and sound planning principles we offer the following for your consideration.
Review of Amendments
Per §763.01 (Circumstances Justifying Amendments; Review of Amendments) of the
Zoning Ordinance, all proposed zoning amendments, text and map, “shall assure that
any changes:1.
will adhere to the development plans and objectives of the City;2.
will not be detrimental to adjacent property owners, structures or uses; and3.
will maintain the health, safety, and general welfare of the community
.When evaluating a rezoning application, the Planning Commission is charged with thedetermining whether a proposed rezoning would negatively impact adjacent propertyowners and, therefore, constitute a community detriment or benefit.The following is an analysis of the proposed Oakwood rezoning as it relates specifically,but not exclusively, to the above requirements.
Development Plans and Objectives
The development plans and objectives of the City are set forth in twodocuments: 1) The Comprehensive Plan; and 2) the purpose/intent statementsof the Zoning Ordinance.
City of South EuclidOakwood Commons; Rezoning Review #1March 2, 2011
Page 2 of 16
Comprehensive Plan
The City’s Comprehensive Plan contains an overview of various land
use, planning, andzoning-related elements. The Plan includes a narrative discussion and maps of existingdevelopment patterns, observations and assessments of residential and nonresidentialdevelopment, as well as overall community objectives, development policies, andimplementation measures.Below is a summary of various elements of the 1999 and 2010 Update to theComprehensive Plan that support or conflict with the proposed rezoning of the Oakwoodsite
and our understanding of the City’s current development policies and community
objectives. It is our understanding and important to note that although the PlanningCommission recommended approval of 2010 updates to the Plan, such Plan revisions havenot been formally adopted by City Council.
Supports Proposed Rezoning
Lack of Vacant Land = Locational and Economic Disadvantage
Plan Narrative:
“The City is a member of the First
Ring Suburbs…In all of these“first
ring” suburbs, there is little vacant land
available for new development.This makes it very difficult for these communities to compete with outlying
suburbs where vacant land is more plentiful” (
1999 Comprehensive Plan-Page 1)ii.
Plan Narrative:
“The Plan’s policies are primarily influenced by the
City’s current
development patterns and its context within the regional market. As a result of these influences, the Plan addresses the following:1. Economic Development- Ways in which the City can maintain a balanced taxbase in light of:
Locational disadvantages
related to major highway access and theamount of non-residential uses in surrounding communities.
Limited amount of undeveloped land
(1999 Comprehensive Plan-Page 2)iii.
Plan Narrative:
“A plethora of employment, retail, entertainment, and cultural
choices are available to South Euclid residents within a 30 minute drive.
However, due to the City’s distance from highway interchanges and the many
established centers
beyond its boundaries
, South Euclid is
at a locationaldisadvantage when competing for new development
” (emphasis added)
 (1999 Comprehensive Plan- Page 2)
. The Oakwood site represents previously unavailable developable land andan opportunity to overcome locational disadvantages. As the Comprehensive Plannotes, large-scale opportunities for nonresidential development are limited in SouthEuclid
due to forces largely beyond the City’s control
The City’s e
xisting nonresidentialdevelopment consists almost exclusively of stand-alone buildings on lots with minimumlot depth (average 150 feet).The availability of the Oakwood site for development was unexpected and a similaropportunity of this
scale won’t
likely present itself again. Future nonresidentialdevelopment in other areas of the City, such as the Mayfield corridor, would require
City of South EuclidOakwood Commons; Rezoning Review #1March 2, 2011
Page 3 of 16
substantial time, effort and expense on the part of the City and a willing developer tofacilitate land assembly and enable development at a size and scale that would beeconomically feasible.
Encourage Non-Residential Development- Tax Revenue Generation
Part V- Overall Community Objectives
Objective A. Remain Competitive in the Regional Market
“Enabling/encouraging non
-residential development which meets thecurrent needs of 
the developer, tenant, employee, and/or consumer” (1999
Comprehensive Plan- Page 19)P
araphrased as follows in the 2010 Comprehensive Plan Update “Encourage
Non-Residential Development to Meet Current Needs recognizing that:
There is a plethora of Retail Choices
outside the City
to meet the needs of residents.
(emphasis added) (2010 Comprehensive Plan Update [notformally adopted by City Council]- Page 1)ii.
“Assure that Development provides Adequate Tax Revenue to MaintainPublic Services.”
(1999 Comprehensive Plan- Page 19; and 2010 ComprehensivePlan Update [not formally adopted by City Council]- Page 2)
Objective B. Enable and Encourage Non-Residential Uses to Expand or Redevelop
Respond to Current Market Needs
Increase Tax Revenue
Overcome Functional and Locational Obsolescence
Provide for
“Logical Extensions”
of Existing Non-Residential Areas
Maintain and Improve Buffer between Residential and Non-
Residential” (2010
Comprehensive Plan Update [not formally adopted by City Council]- Page 2)
. Rezoning of the Oakwood site would conform to the Community Objectiveof enabling the City to remain competitive in the regional market. Retail developmenton the site would provide retail choices not currently available
inside the City
. Bypermitting development of regional retail within the City, the City would gain muchneeded property and income tax revenue, provide jobs, and offer goods to Cityresidents that they currently must travel outside of the City to obtain.In terms of logical extension of existing nonresidential areas, the properties frontingWarrensville Center Road, adjacent to and south of the Oakwood site, are currentlyzoned C-1 (Limited Commercial) and utilized for nonresidential use. Rezoning of theOakwood site would, therefore, serve as a natural extension of existing nonresidentialuses in the area and adjacent to Warrensville Center Road. It should be noted thatexisting nonresidential uses are also located on the east side of Warrensville CenterRoad, south of Mayfield Road and on both sides of the Warrensville/Cedar intersection.The proposed rezoning would not constitute the first or only nonresidential useadjacent to Warrensville Center Road.

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