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Fundamentals of Process Plant Equipment Control Manual

Fundamentals of Process Plant Equipment Control Manual

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Published by AHmed Abdelrahman
Fundamentals of Process Plant Equipment Control Manual
Fundamentals of Process Plant Equipment Control Manual

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: AHmed Abdelrahman on Mar 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/14/2013

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Fundamentals of Process Plant & Equipment Control©Ron Frend 20061
Fundamentals of Process Plant Equipment Control
25-28 JunePetroleum Training CentreRon Frend
 
 
Fundamentals of Process Plant & Equipment Control©Ron Frend 20062
FUNDAMENTALS AND HYDRAULICS
8
 
PFD - Process Flow Diagram
9
 
The Process Flow Diagram - PFD, a schematic illustration of the system
9
 
P&ID - Piping and Instrumentation Diagram
11
 
P&ID / PFD Symbols
13
 
General Instrument or Function Symbols -1
13
 
Instrument or Function Symbols - 2
14
 
General Instrument or Function Symbols 3
15
 
General Instrument or Function Symbols – 4
16
 
FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
17
 
Thermodynamics
17
 
Example 1:
23
 
HYDRAULICS & FLUID FLOW
24
 
Pressure & Head
25
 
Bernoulli’s Theorem
33
 
How pressure and velocity interact
33
 
Liquid Flow
35
 
Flow Units
35
 
Restriction Flow Sensors
36
 
Two Phase & Multiphase Flow
38
 
Reynolds Number
41
 
SOME NOTES FOR THE METRIC PIPE FRICTION CHART SHOWN BELOW
43
 
FRICTION LOSS FOR METRIC PIPE, VALVES AND FITTINGS
44
 
PUMPS & COMPRESSORS
45
 
Centrifugal pump designs
45
 
Pump Affinity Laws
47
 
Performance Curves
49
 
Compressors and Expanders
52
 
CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS
54
 
HEAT TRANSFER AND REACTION ENGINEERING
58
 
Thermal Conductivity
59
 
Conduction & Convection
61
 
 
 
Fundamentals of Process Plant & Equipment Control©Ron Frend 20063
Conduction:
61
 
Examples of conduction:
61
 
Convection:
61
 
Example of convection:
61
 
Insulation
62
 
Heat transfer coefficients and calculation
63
 
Heat exchangers, type and sizing
65
 
Steam Reboilers
69
 
Condensers and sub-cooling
70
 
Introduction to energy recovery
73
 
An Introduction to Pinch Technology
76
 
What is Pinch Technology?
76
 
Basic Concepts of Pinch Analysis
79
 
Steps of Pinch Analysis
79
 
Catalysts and Reaction Engineering
92
 
Chemical Reactions
93
 
Reaction Kinetics
95
 
Crude Distillation
96
 
Catalytic Cracking
99
 
Introduction
99
 
FCC Process Configuration
100
 
Main Characteristics
100
 
Equipment in FCC
101
 
Feedstock & Yield
101
 
Conclusion
101
 
Catalysis
103
 
CATALYSIS AND DISTILLATION
104
 
Distillation and Other Separation Processes
105
 
Distillation basics
106
 
ATMOSPHERIC DISTILLATION
106
 
Feeds and Products for Atmospheric Distillation
106
 
Feed Preheat Exchanger Train
107
 
Atmospheric Crude Fractionator
111
 
Trends and Variations in Atmospheric Unit Design
112
 
Phase behavior and vapour/liquid equilibrium
114
 
Gas/Liquid separation
117
 
Industrial uses of Fractional Distillation
128
 
Trays: function, pressure drop, efficiency, flooding, operations, and damage
129
 
Tower Capacity:
133
 
Equipment and Column Sizing
133
 
Pressure Drop
136
 
Column Height
137
 
Absorption & Adsorption
138
 
Separation > Absorption
138
 

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