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Identifying gaps in emergency sanitation, design of new kits to increase effectiveness in emergencies, workshop 22-23 Feb 2011

Identifying gaps in emergency sanitation, design of new kits to increase effectiveness in emergencies, workshop 22-23 Feb 2011

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Published by Ase Johannessen
The sanitation solutions deployed in the emergency response are not sufficient or adequate to meet challenges of floods and high water table, unstable soils, urban and crowded areas. The more tailored sanitation solutions which are required are not developed to be available for immediate dispatch in the first phase of the emergency. As a response to this gap in available technologies, emergency and sanitation practitioners from different key organizations come together in Stoutenburg, The Netherlands 22-23 Feb 2011 to discuss how to improve gaps in technologies for the immediate phase, understand more about product design process and organize the way forward.

First, the latest experiences from the field were shared as well as tool development for decision support. Then, three key technologies to fill critical gaps in the immediate phase were identified: 1) raised latrines (when digging down is not an option), 2) improved desludging options, and 3) a sludge disposal and treatment kit. For each of these, specific product requirements for a designer brief were discussed. Members of a core group were identified to steer the way forward, with the help of an advisory group, which members were also identified. The organizers (Oxfam GB and WASTE) were responsible to send invitations to these functions after the workshop and call for a next meeting.

This report is available online together with all presentations and video interviews made during the workshop: www.susana.org/lang-en/working-groups/wg08/presentations-wg-08
The sanitation solutions deployed in the emergency response are not sufficient or adequate to meet challenges of floods and high water table, unstable soils, urban and crowded areas. The more tailored sanitation solutions which are required are not developed to be available for immediate dispatch in the first phase of the emergency. As a response to this gap in available technologies, emergency and sanitation practitioners from different key organizations come together in Stoutenburg, The Netherlands 22-23 Feb 2011 to discuss how to improve gaps in technologies for the immediate phase, understand more about product design process and organize the way forward.

First, the latest experiences from the field were shared as well as tool development for decision support. Then, three key technologies to fill critical gaps in the immediate phase were identified: 1) raised latrines (when digging down is not an option), 2) improved desludging options, and 3) a sludge disposal and treatment kit. For each of these, specific product requirements for a designer brief were discussed. Members of a core group were identified to steer the way forward, with the help of an advisory group, which members were also identified. The organizers (Oxfam GB and WASTE) were responsible to send invitations to these functions after the workshop and call for a next meeting.

This report is available online together with all presentations and video interviews made during the workshop: www.susana.org/lang-en/working-groups/wg08/presentations-wg-08

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Published by: Ase Johannessen on Mar 13, 2011
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03/13/2011

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Identifying gaps in emergency sanitationDesign of new kits to increase effectiveness in emergencies
2 day Workshop, 22-23 February 2011, Stoutenburg, The Netherlands
The Development process (Source: Aldus)
Workshop report by Åse Johannessen
 
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Summary
The sanitation solutions deployed in the emergency response are not sufficient or adequate to meetchallenges of floods and high water table, unstable soils, urban and crowded areas. The more tailoredsanitation solutions which are required are not developed to be available for immediate dispatch in thefirst phase of the emergency. As a response to this gap in available technologies, emergency andsanitation practitioners from different key organizations come together in Stoutenburg, The Netherlands22-23 Feb 2011 to discuss how to improve gaps in technologies for the immediate phase, understandmore about product design process and organize the way forward.First, the latest experiences from the field were shared as well as tool development for decision support.Then, three key technologies to fill critical gaps in the immediate phase were identified: 1) raisedlatrines (when digging down is not an option), 2) improved desludging options, and 3) a sludge disposaland treatment kit. For each of these, specific product requirements for a designer brief were discussed.Members of a core group were identified to steer the way forward, with the help of an advisory group,which members were also identified. The organizers (Oxfam GB and WASTE) were responsible to sendinvitations to these functions after the workshop and call for a next meeting.This report is available online together with all presentations and video interviews made during theworkshop: www.susana.org/lang-en/working-groups/wg08/presentations-wg-08 
 
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Table of Contents
Summary ................................................................................................................................................... 21. Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 42. Sharing of the latest experiences from the field .............................................................................. 53. Sanitation decision support tool by WASTE and Akvo ...................................................................... 94. The product design process .............................................................................................................. 9Part 1: Defining which phase of the emergency we are interested in ..................................................... 9Part 2: Gaps in kits similar to what is being put forward already ........................................................... 10Part 3: Product requirements ................................................................................................................. 105. Organizational model for the way forward .................................................................................... 116. References ...................................................................................................................................... 15Annex 1 Participants .............................................................................................................................. 15Annex 2 Workshop programme .............................................................................................................. 16Annex 3 Creative exercise for project development .............................................................................. 17Annex 4 Pre-defining requirements for product

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