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Gujarat University B E Chemical 8 Semester Advance Separation Techniques AST ( Previous Year Question Paper From 2000 to 2010 )

Gujarat University B E Chemical 8 Semester Advance Separation Techniques AST ( Previous Year Question Paper From 2000 to 2010 )

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Gujarat University B E Chemical 8 Semester Advance Separation Techniques AST ( Previous Year Question Paper From 2000 to 2010 )
Gujarat University B E Chemical 8 Semester Advance Separation Techniques AST ( Previous Year Question Paper From 2000 to 2010 )

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1406E046GUJARATUNIVERSITYD.E.SemesterVIII(Chemic~l)ExaminationAdvanceSeparationTecllaiquesCandidate'sSeatNo
:r-;::j~
Date:14-06-2010Monday]Time:
03-00
p.m,to
6-00
p.m.][Max.Marks:100
0.1ExplainwithneatflowsheetResiduumOilSupercriticalExtraction(18)(ROSE)precess.Alsodiscuss-abouttheadvantagesanddisadvantaesofthisprocessoverconventionalpropanedeasphaltingprocess..0.2ExplainwithneatsketchtheworkingofShortPathDistillation(16)Unitanddiscusshowthemostgentleconditionsforthedistillationofheatsensitiveproductsareobtainedinthesame.Alsolistoutthecommercialapplicationsofthesame.OR0.2ExplainwithneatflowsheetmanufacturingprocessofEthyl(16)TertiaryButylEther(ETBE)viacatalyticdistillation.AlsodiscusstheeffectoffollowingparametersoncatalyticdistillationofETBE.(i)(ii)FeedcompositionRefluxratio(iii)Feedpoint
0.3
Writeshortnotesonanytwoofthefollowings(16)(a)Advantagesanddisadvantagesofreactive
I
catalyticdistillationoverconventionalreactionfollowedbydistillation.(b)AdvantagesanddisadvantagesofsupercriticalsolventoverconventionalliquidsolventforextractionandSignificanceofcosolventormodifierinsupercriticalextraction.(c)Decaffeinationofcoffee0.4ExplainwithneatflowsheetworkingofsixbedPressureS'Ning(16)Adsorptionusedforrecoveryorpurificationofhydrogenfromgasmixture.Alsodisucssabouttheadvantagesanddisadvantagesofthesameovercryogenicdistillation.
O.S
Writeaboutthedifferenttechniquesusedforcrystallizations.List(16)outthedifferenttechniquesusedformeltcrystallization.Explain'normalfreezing'and'colurnncrystallization'indetail.
Cr.
T.O~
 
OR0.5ExplaintheconceptofReverseOsmosis.Writeaboutthe(16),industrialapplicationsofthesame.
0.6
Writeshortnotesonanytwoofthefollowing':(a)Membranereactor(b)Osmoticdistillation(c)Perevaporation(18)
 
B.~~.Sem.VIll
Chemical
Engg.
June-2009AdvancedSeparationTechniques
Time:3Hours][Max.Marks:100
Instruction:Assume'thedatawherevernecessary.I.Explainthe"ROSEProcess"forthedeasphaltingofresiduumoilwithneatsketch.Alsodiscussabouttheadvantagesofthisprocessovertheconventionalpropanedeasphaltingprocess.Alsogivethedetailsabouttheproductsobtainedfromthisprocess.(18)2.Attemptanytwoofthefollowing:
(l6)
(a)DiscussabouttheadvantagesanddisadvantagesofReactiveorCatalyticDistillationovertheconventionaltechnology.(Reactorfollowedbydistillationcolumn).(b)DiscusstheeffectoffollowingparametersonreactivedistillationofETBE(EthylTertiaryButylEther).
(i)
Feedcomposition(ii)Excessofethanol(iii)Operatingpressureofreactivedistillationcolumn(iv)Refluxratio(v)Increaseinreactivedistillationstages(vi)Feedpointlocation(c)Listoutthevariouscommercialapplicationsofshortpathdistillation.Explainanytwoapplicationsindetail.
3.
Writeshortnoteonanytwoofthefollowing:
(16)
(a)Advantagesanddisadvantagesofsupercriticalfluidsolventsoverliquidsolventsforextraction.(b)Extractionofaromaticsfromspice
by
supercriticalcarbondioxide.(c)Variouscontactdevicesusedforcatalyticdistillations.4...(a)Explainwithneatsketchsixbedpressureswingadsorptionusedfortherecoveryorseparationofnearly100%purehydrogenfromthegasmixture.(09)
(b)
Explaintheconceptandadvantagesofpressureswingdistillationwithatleasttwoindustrialexamples.Alsodiscussabout
the
conceptofenergyintegrationwhichcanbeappliedtopressureswingdistillation.(09)
1
P.T.O.

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