Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
20Activity

Table Of Contents

1. Function of Lead-Acid Batteries
1.1 Chemical Reactions
1.2 Nominal Voltage UN
1.3 Active Materials
1.3.1 Lead Oxide Production
1.3.2 Positive Active Material (PbO2)
1.3.2.1 Positive Active Material for Plantè Plates
1.3.2.2 Positive Active Material for Grid Plates
1.3.2.3 Positive Active Material for Tubular Plates
1.3.3 Negative Active Material (Pb)
1.3.4 Formation
1.3.5 Characteristics of Positive and Negative Active Material
1.4.2 Forming of Lead Sulfate Dendrites
1.5 Gassing and Recombination
1.5.1 Gassing of Vented Batteries
1.5.2 Gas Levelling Volume of Vented Batteries
1.5.3 Recombination of Valve Regulated Batteries
1.5.4 Gassing Volumes of Valve Regulated Batteries
1.6 Heat Effects
1.6.1 General
1.6.2 Heat Capacity
1.6.3 Temperature Increase
1.6.4 Heat Effects During Discharging
1.6.7 Battery Temperature
1.7 Thermal Runaway
2.1.1.1 Plantè Plates
2.1.1.2 Tubular Plates
2.1.1.3 Grid Plates
2.1.2 End of Service Life by Corrosion
2.1.2.2 Layer-wise Corrosion
2.1.2.3 Mass Adhesion by Corrosion
2.1.3 Negative Plates
2.1.3.1 Grid Plates
2.1.3.2 Expanded Copper Grids
2.2 Separators
2.2.1 Vented and Gel-Batteries
2.2.2 AGM-Batteries
2.3 Electrolyte
2.3.1 General
2.3.3 Fixed (Starved) Electrolyte
2.3.3.1 Fixation in Gel
2.3.3.2 Fixation in AGM
2.4 Cell and Block Housings (Container and Lid)
2.4.1 Cell and Block Housings of Vented Batteries
2.4.2 Cell and Block Housings of Valve Regulated Batteries
2.4.2.1 Cell and Block Housings of Gel-Batteries
2.4.2.2 Deformation at Gel-Batteries
2.4.2.3 Cell and Block Housings of AGM-Batteries
2.5 Post Design and Sealing
2.5.2 OPzS (≤ 3000 Ah), OGi, A700 and A600 (OPzV)
2.5.3 Powerfit S500, Marathon and Sprinter
2.5.4 A400 and A500
2.5.5 Number of Post Pairs
2.6 Vent Caps and Valves
2.6.1.1 Vent Plugs
2.6.1.2 Ceramic Vent Plugs
2.6.1.3 Ceramic Vent Plugs for Topping-up Water
2.6.2 Valves for Valve Regulated Batteries
2.6.2.1 Valves for Gel-Batteries
2.6.2.2 Valves for AGM-Batteries
2.7 Connectors and Connectings
2.7.1 Flexible Connectors
2.7.2 Rigid Connectors
2.7.3 Voltage Drop by Connectors
2.7.4 Current Limit of Battery Connectors
2.7.5 Connector Cross Sections
2.7.6 Temperature Increase During Discharge and Charging
2.7.7 Inherently Short-Circuit-Proof Installation
2.7.8 Voltage Endurance of Cables
3. Operation Modes of Batteries
3.1 Standby Parallel Operation
3.2 Buffer Operation
3.3 Switch-Over Operation
3.4 Charge / Discharge Operation (Cycling Operation)
3.5 Solar Operation (Special Charge/Discharge Operation)
4. Discharging of Lead-Acid Batteries
4.1 Nominal Capacity CN
4.2 Rated Capacity Crt
4.3 Deep Discharge
4.4 Sulfatation
4.5 Voltage Curve During Discharge (incl. „Coup de Fouét“)
4.6 Self-Discharge
5. Charging of Lead-Acid Batteries
5.1 General
5.2 Charging Regimes
5.2.1 Abbreviations of Charging Regimes in Acc. with DIN 41772
5.2.2 Constant Current / Constant Voltage Regime (IU, IU0U)
5.2.3 Resistance Regulated Regime (W)
5.2.4 Constant Current Regime (I)
5.3 Charge Coefficient and Electrolyte Stratification
5.4 Residual Charge Current (Float Charge Current)
5.5 Insufficient Charging
5.6 Overcharge
6. Applications
6.1 Telecommunication
6.1.1 Fixed Network Communication
6.1.2 Mobile Telephony Network Communication
6.2 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
6.3 Energy Generation and Distribution
6.3.1 Energy Generation
6.3.2 Energy Distribution
6.4 Safety Systems
6.4.1 Alarm and Fire Alarm Systems
6.4.2 Safety Lightning
6.4.2.1 General
6.4.2.2 Application of the EN 50171
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Stationary batteries handbook

Stationary batteries handbook

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,672|Likes:
Published by Petar Breko

More info:

Published by: Petar Breko on Apr 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/08/2013

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 4 to 11 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 15 to 27 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 31 to 100 are not shown in this preview.

Activity (20)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
petitebite liked this
George Xalioris liked this
Naser Husic liked this
Naser Husic liked this
George Xalioris liked this
Khalid A. Saleh liked this
Rajeev Bhandari liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->