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Temporomandibular Joint Biomed [Compatibility Mode]

Temporomandibular Joint Biomed [Compatibility Mode]

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Published by: Kishore Singh Basnet Nepali on Apr 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/13/2011

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TMJ 4/13/2011drksbasnet@gmail.com 1
TEMPOROMANDIBULARJOINTTEMPOROMANDIBULARJOINT
4/13/2011 1drksbasnet@gmail.com 4/13/2011 2drksbasnet@gmail.com
COMPONENTS1. Head
 
of 
 
the
 
mandible2. Mandibular fossa of 
 
temporal
 
bone
Lodges
 
head
 
of 
 
mandible
 
and
 
process
 
of 
 
parotid
 
gland.
Medially
 
is
 
the
 
spine
 
of 
 
sphenoid.
3. Strength
 
of 
 
the
 
joint
Strength
 
depends
 
on
 
bony
 
conformation
 
and
 
muscle
Capsule
 
is
 
lax
Thickened
 
capsule
 
laterally
 
forms
 
temporomandibular ligament
.
Covers
 
the
 
head
 
of 
 
mandible
Projects
 
forward
 
under
 
articular tubercle
Fixed
 
to
 
medial
 
and
 
lateral
 
ends
 
of 
 
the
 
condyle
Capsule
 
blends
 
with
 
its
 
circumference
Tendon
 
of 
 
lateral
 
pterygoid is
 
partially
 
inserted
 
into
 
its
 
anterior
 
margin
4/13/2011 3drksbasnet@gmail.com
Articluar disc
Divides
 
the
 
joint
 
cavity
 
into
 
two
 
cavities.
Lower
 
cavity:
 
for
 
hinge
 
movement
 
between
 
the
 
head
 
and
 
disc
Upper
 
cavity:
 
the
 
head
 
and
 
the
 
disc
 
.
Palpate
 
and
 
appreciate
 
the
 
movement
 
of 
 
the
 
head
 
of 
 
mandible.
Muscular
 
action:Bilateral
 
and
 
unilateral
 
action
 
of 
 
different
 
muscles
 
produce
 
various
 
movements.
4/13/2011 4drksbasnet@gmail.com
 
TMJ 4/13/2011drksbasnet@gmail.com 2
Movement
 
of 
 
mandible
Opening
 
of 
 
mouth
 
(depress)1. Lateral
 
pterygoid2. Anterior
 
digastric3. Mylohyoid4. Geniohyoid5. Infrahyoid
 
muscle6. Gravity
 
4/13/2011 5drksbasnet@gmail.com
Closing
 
of 
 
mouth
 
(elevation)1. Temporal2. Masseter3. Medial
 
pterygoid
4/13/2011 6drksbasnet@gmail.com
Protude
 
chin
 
(protraction)1. Lateral
 
pterygoid2. Medial
 
pterygoid
4/13/2011 7drksbasnet@gmail.com
Withdraw
 
chin
 
(retraction)1. Temporal
 
(medial
 
and
 
posterior)2. Masseter
 
dee
 
art
4/13/2011 8drksbasnet@gmail.com

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