Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1




|Views: 2,664|Likes:
Published by IWantToBelieve8728

More info:

Published by: IWantToBelieve8728 on Sep 03, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





A fallacy is a kind of error in reasoning. The alphabetical list below contains 176 names of the most common fallacies, and it provides explanations and examples of each of them.Fallacies should not be persuasive, but they often are. Fallacies may be createdunintentionally, or they may be created intentionally in order to deceive other people. Thevast majority of the commonly identified fallacies involve arguments, although some involveexplanations, or definitions, or other products of reasoning. Sometimes the term "fallacy" isused even more broadly to indicate any false belief or cause of a false belief. The list belowincludes some fallacies of these sorts, but most are fallacies that involve kinds of errors madewhile arguing informally in natural language.The discussion that precedes the list begins with an account of the ways in which the term"fallacy" is vague. Attention then turns to the number of competing and overlapping waysto classify fallacies of argumentation. For pedagogical purposes, researchers in the field of fallacies disagree about the following topics: which name of a fallacy is more helpful tostudents' understanding; whether some fallacies should be de-emphasized in favor of others;and which is the best taxonomy of the fallacies. Researchers in the field are also deeplydivided about how to define the term "fallacy" itself, how to define certain fallacies, andwhether any general theory of fallacies at all should be pursued if that theory's goal is toprovide necessary and sufficient conditions for distinguishing between fallacious and non-fallacious reasoning generally. Analogously, there is doubt in the field of ethics regardingwhether researchers should pursue the goal of providing necessary and sufficient conditionsfor distinguishing moral actions from immoral ones.
Table of Contents
(Clicking on the links below will take you to those parts of this article)1. Introduction2. Taxonomy of Fallacies

Activity (25)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
balduinheinrich1 liked this
Jan Carlo Cabuhat liked this
Sujey Sanchez liked this
Lauraelvi liked this
eminencegrisemgb liked this
geomy liked this
gliffinz liked this
officerstrickland liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->