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Warsaw Research Paper

Warsaw Research Paper

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Published by: daltonshanebagley on May 09, 2011
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Bagley 1Dalton BagleyMr. Larry Nueburger English 110 Sec. 22013 April 2011The Warsaw Ghetto UprisingHeroes of the SlumsThe summer of 1942 marked the start of the rebellion.The United StatesHolocaust Memorial Museum suggests that between the months of July andSeptember, the German authorities murdered over 300,00 Jews from theWarsaw Ghetto. Only 35,000 Jews were granted permission to stay in theGhetto, and about 20,000 Jews were in hiding in the Ghetto at that time. Withdeportation breathing down the backs of 55,000 Jews, the resistance took shapein the form of two groups, the Jewish Combat Organization (
ZydowskaOrganizacja Bojowa
; ZOB) and the Jewish Military Union (
Zydowski Zwiazek Wojskowy 
; ZZW) (USHMM). According to John Radzilowski, On April 19 1943, a German police patrolentered the Warsaw Ghetto to begin a round up that what would be the start of the final extractment of all the Jewish inhabitants in the Ghetto. As the patrolproceeded down Mila Street a barrage of shots rang out, killing the patrol'scommander and wounding several policemen. The police retreated in confusionas the young men of ZOB ran to collect the weapons of the fallen Germans. For the next 29 days the ZOB and its allies fought Nazi forces in the first JewishResistance of World War II. Radzilowski says, ³The outnumbered and poorly
 
Bagley 2armed Jewish resistance were finally overwhelmed, but their actions became anexample of heroism in the face of unspeakable evil. Many of the Jewish fighters,including most of the leaders of the ZOB, died at their posts rather thansurrender. In the end Jewish losses were 6,000 combat dead along with 55fighters from the Polish Home Army. Although the Germans officially listed onlyabout 100 casualties, contemporary Polish sources reported German losses at1,300 dead and wounded.´ (Radzilowski). According to Moshe Arens, the intense fighting in the ghetto between theJewish resistance fighters and the German army units, who were assisted byUkrainian and Latvian militias and Polish policemen, lasted for about a month.Jewish fighters continued to hide in the many underground bunkers that hadbeen built in the ghetto and small fighting continued for several weeks thereafter.The commander of the German assault on the ghetto was Gen. Juergen Stroop.General Stroop "declared victory" over the Jews on the evening of May 16, andto celebrate his victory he dynamited the great synagogue on TomalckieStreet.After the resistance had been eliminated and all the Jews were evacuated,the German army used flamethrowers to burn down most of the buildings. Therest was dynamited; which turned the once massive Warsaw Ghetto into a pile of rubble. Although the ghetto once housed more than half a million Jews, only asmall margin ofthe resistance fighters survived (Aren). Those who fought in theresistance as fighters and supporters are heroes, and they should beremembered as such.
 
Bagley 3Jack Eisner was only 15 years old when he fought the Germans in theUprising. He raised the white-and-blue flag on top of one of the houses in the Muranowska Square, the siteof the fiercest struggle. Eisner was lucky to survive,and vowed to tell his story. He wrote a best- seller,The Survivor (William Murrow, 1980, andKensington Publishers, 1995). The play of the samename written by Susan Nanus, and the movie writtenby Academy Award-winner Abby Mann and directed by Moshe Mizrahi, werebased on his autobiography. (Zvielli). In 1994, he led a group of survivors tomeet with Pope John Paul II, part of the rapprochement between the RomanCatholic Church and Jews that had allowed the Vatican and Israel to establishdiplomatic relations the year before. ''As a young boy growing up in prewar Warsaw, I feared crossing the sidewalk next to a church,'' Mr. Eisner said to thepope, ''Now, some 50 years later, the unthinkable is happening.'' (Martin). Abraham Lewents was lucky to survive the Warsaw Ghetto. In a family of five, he was the only one to survive.Lewents describes living conditions in theghetto, ³The hunger in the ghetto was sogreat, was so bad, that people were layingon the streets and dying, little children wentaround begging, and, uh, everyday you walked out in the morning, you seesomebody is laying dead, covered with newspapers or with any kind of blanketJack Eisner 
 
 Abraham Lewents

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