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NEST Murogov Andrianov Ponomarev Stepnoy Rumjantsev Tulinov

NEST Murogov Andrianov Ponomarev Stepnoy Rumjantsev Tulinov

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Published by: azolitta on May 16, 2011
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05/16/2011

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CULTURE OF NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION ANDSECURITY AS A BASIC ELEMENT OF NUCLEAR CULTURE
 AndrianovA.A., MurogovV.M., Ponomarev-StepnoyN.N., RumyantsevA.N., TulinovB.M NATIONAL RESEARCH NUCLEAR UNIVERSITY (NRNU MEPHI)
NESTet2011 15-18 May 2011 Prague
The work was performed within the framework of NRNU MEPHI -ISTC Project SB 159.
 
Content
Education activity 
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Special courses
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Some topics of lecture courses
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Methodical support of educational process
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Joint courses with IAEA on energy planning software
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Experience of teaching foreign studentsScientific activity 
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Developing risk assessment methodologies
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Software for quantitative risk assessment based on multiple objectiveanalysis framework 
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Objects for energy system analyses
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Medium-term worldwide supply and demand relationship on NFC services
 
 Adual-usenatureofnucleartechnologyconsistinginthepotentialforitsapplicationequallyinpeacefulandmilitarysphereisthebasiccontradictionfortheexistingnuclearnon-proliferationregimeandcomprehensivedevelopmentofthenucleaenergy(NE)andnuclearfuelcycle(NFC).TheassociatedantagonismbetweentheneedforthedevelopmentofcivilNE,extensionofcountriesrangeandareasoapplication,ontheonehand,andriskoftransferringnucleartechnologiesanfissilematerialsbeingpotentiallyappliedinthemilitarysphere,ontheotherhand,definestheprincipalthreattothenon-proliferationregime.Moreover,theintensitofthesituationinnuclearnon-proliferationatthebeginningofthenewmillenniumcoincidedwithanewcycleofrenewedinteresttoNE,toplansandeffortsfocuseonfurtherdevelopmentofinnovativetechnologies:forinstance,small-sizenuclea powerplantsfordevelopingcountries;breederreactorswithclosedNFCwithreprocessingandrecyclingoffissilematerials,primarily,plutonium;high-efficiency technologyofcentrifugalenrichment,etc.±whichwouldinevitablyresultintheincreasingriskofstealingfissilematerialsandchangingnucleartechnologiesfrom peacefultomilitaryactivity.Thisisparticularlyevidentwiththeincreasingthreatonuclearandradiationterrorismwiththewideningscopeofpotentialapplicationonuclearscienceandtechnology.Thepreventionofproliferationisnowadaysmoreurgentthanever.
Introduction

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