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Published by RonLayton

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: RonLayton on Jun 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The writer has often been called upon, while in the Field Museum,Chicago, as well as in the Public Museum, Milwaukee, to identify plantsor parts of plants used by various Indian tribes. Indian uses of plantsthus became interesting. The use of many plants is rapidly beingabandoned by most tribes, and knowledge of their ethnobotany willsoon be no longer even a memory.Thus, at the suggestion of Dr. S. A. Barrett and Mr. Alanson Skinner, ofthe Public Museum, investigations into the uses of plants by theMenomini Indians were undertaken. This tribe was chosen, because agood guide and interpreter was still available, Captain John V. Satterlee,of the Indian police, and also because so much work has already beendone among these people by Dr. Barrett and Mr. Skinner, thus makingthe preliminary work easier.Four field trips, each of three weeks' duration, were made to theMenomini reservation in Shawano county, Wisconsin. These periodswere in June, October, May and September in 1921 and 1922. Differentperiods were necessary because the Indian usually does not recognize thespecies he uses, at all seasons of the year, any more than most white menrecognize plants when they are not in bloom.Several groups of Menomini talked over the plants obtained, thusaffording a check on the Indian name as well as its different uses.Although it is customary for a botanist to list plants according to theGray or the Engler und Prantl system, it is the writer's intention to listthem (1) under their various uses and (2) under each of these captions,alphabetically by families. Where possible, the literal translation of theIndian name is given. Thanks are due to Mr. Alanson Skinner forcorrecting the phonetic spelling of Menomini names. Much credit is alsodue to Captain Satterlee, the guide and interpreter, for his untiringefforts to bring to light all of the aboriginal uses and customs pertainingto each plant. His photograph appears as the frontispiece, plate 1.
Ethnobotany of the Menomini - H.H.Smith - Page 1
With this bulletin as a basis, the writer expects to investigate in likemanner, the ethnobotany of the Chippewa, Winnebago, Oneida, Saukand Potawatomi Indians, all of whom are now or were formerly inWisconsin.Since the largest number of plants are used as medicines, we will firsttreat of these, then of foods, fibers, dyes and miscellaneous plant uses.
The writer lays no claim to being a linguist, but was able to pronouncethe words so that Mr. Skinner could give him the correct phoneticspelling. We have used his phonetic key, taking the continental value forletters not included. Our f and r sounds do not occur in Menomini.ä, as in flatê, as in betâ, as in rawû, as in luckau, as ow in how
, a whispered terminal uai, as in aisle
, a whispered aspirant î, as in bit', glottal stopFor convenience in reference a “finding list” has been appended, in whichthe scientific and English names are listed alphabetically.
Ethnobotany of the Menomini - H.H.Smith - Page 2

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