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Table Of Contents

1. Elements of Aircraft Movement in Space
3. Form and Dimensions of the Earth /13
Distort ions of Cartographic Project ions
Distortion of Lengths
Distortion of Directions
1. Isogonal or conformal projections
2. Equally spaced or equidistant projections
4. Arbitrary projections
Cy1 indrical Projections
Normal (equivalent) cy1 indri cal projection
Simple equally spaced cylindrical projection
Isogonal cy1 indrical projection
Isogonal oblique cylindrical projections
Conic Projections
Simple normal conic projection
Isogonal conic projection
Convergence angle of the meridians
Polyconic projections
International projection
Azimuthal (Perspective) Projections
Central polar (gnomonic projection)
Equally spaced azimuthal (central) projection
Stereographic polar projection
Nomenclature of Maps
Orthodrome on the Earth's Surface
Loxodrome on the Earth's Surface
7. Special Coordinate Systems on the Earth's Surface
Orthodromi c Coordinate System
Bipolar Azimuthal Coordinate System
Goniometric Range-Finding Coordinate System
Lines of Equal Azimuths
8. Elements of Aircraft Navigation
Elements which determine Flight Direction
3. Coriolis Force
Navigational Speed Triangle
Elements Which Determine Flight Altitude
Elements of Aircraft Roll
1. Combinati'on of Roll with a Straight Line
2. Combination of two rolls
3. Linear prediction of roll (LPR)
1. Geotechnical Means of Aircraft Navigation
2. Course Instruments and Systems
Magnetic Compasses
EquaZizing the Magnetic FieZd of the Aircraft
Gyroscopic Course Devices
Degree of Freedom of the Gyroscope
Direction of Precession of the Gyroscope Axis
Gyroscopic Semicompass
Distance Gyromagnetic Compass
Gyroinduction Compass
3. Barometric Altimeters
Description of a Barometric Altimeter
4. Airspeed Indicators /183
Errors in Measuring Airspeed
5. Measurement of the Temperature of the Outside Air
6. Aviation Clocks
Special Requirements for Aviation Clocks
7. Navigational Sights
8. Automatic Navigation Instruments
Change in Navigational Elements During Flight
10. Calculating and Measuring Pilotage Instruments
Purpose of Calculating and Measuring Pilotage Instruments
Navigational Slide Rule NL-1OM
Wave Polarization
Radiocompass Deviation
Fan-Shaped Goniometric Radio Beacons
Ai rcraft Navigational Radar
Indicators of Aircraft NavigationaE Radars
Marker Devices
Typical Maneuvers in Landing an Aircraft
Course-Glide Landing Systems
Ground ControZ of Course-GZide Systems
Directional Devices for Landing Aircraft
Radar Landing Systems
1. The Celestial Sphere
Systems of Coordinates
Apparent System of Coordinates
Equatorial System of Coordinates
Graphic Representation of the Celestial Sphere
2. Diurnal Motion of the Stars
Motion of the Stars at Different Latitudes
Motion of Stars at the Terrestrial Poles
Motion of Stars at Middle Latitudes
Motion of Stars at the Equator
Culmination of Stars
ProbZems and Exercises
3. The Motion of the Sun
The Annual Motion of the Sun
Motion of the Sun Along the EcZiptic
Diurnal Motion of the Sun
The Motion of the Sun at the North Pole
Motion of the Sun above the Arctic CircZe
Motion of the Sun at MiddZe Latitudes
4. Motion of the Moon
Intrinsic Motion of the Moon
Direction and Rate of the Moon's Motion
Phases of the Moon
Location of the Moon Above the Horizon
5. Measurement of Time
Essence of Calculating Time
Mean Solar Time
Local Civil Time
Greenwich Time
Zone Time
Standard Time
Measuring Angles in Time Units
Organization of Time Signals in Aviation
A Brief History of Time Reckoning
6. Use of Astronomical Devices
Astronomical Compasses
Astronomical Sextants
1. Goals and Problems of Flight Preparation
2. Preparing Flight Charts and Marking the Route
5. Calculating the Distance and Duration of Flight
Map of the Heavens
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Aircraft Navigation NASA Book

Aircraft Navigation NASA Book

Ratings: (0)|Views: 957|Likes:
Published by Prasanna Ramamurthy

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Published by: Prasanna Ramamurthy on Jul 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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