Rimt-Can-Prem Parashar Regional Institute Of Management & Technology-Mandi Gobindgarh
In the next three subsections, we present the three switching techniques usedin networks: circuit switching, datagram packet switching and virtual circuitpacket switching.
Circuit switching is the most familiar technique used to build acommunications network . It is used for ordinary telephone calls. It allowscommunications equipment and circuits, to be shared among users. Eachuser has sole access to a circuit (functionally equivalent to a pair of copperwires) during network use. Consider communication between two points A and D in a network. The connection between A and D is provided using(shared) links between two other pieces of equipment, B and C.
A connection between two systems A & D formed from 3 links
Network use is initiated by a connection phase, during which a circuit is setup between source and destination, and terminated by a disconnect phase.These phases, with associated timings, are illustrated in the figure below.