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Fluid Mechanics and Pressure Drop

Fluid Mechanics and Pressure Drop

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Published by: anon-56206 on Sep 18, 2008
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04/11/2013

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s
s
An Introduction to Fluid Dynamicsand Pressure Drop Calculations
 
Recap: the complete conservation of energy equation is,
Conservation of Energy
Notes:
s
This applies to a steady state scenario with one inlet and one exit.
s
All terms have units of length and are called ‘heads’.
s
H
loss
is a term describing energy losses and must usually besupplied by an empirical formula.
s
This is not Bernoulli’s equation – it has been derived fromcompletely different principals – but Bernoulli can be reduced tothis equation
s
The power associated with an energy head is given by,
 
lossturbineoutout2outpumpsinin2in
HHzρgp2gvHzρgp2gv
++++=+++
ρgQHgHmPower 
==
 
So the complete conservation of energy equation is,
Energy Losses
The energy loss term, H
loss
can basically come from two sourceswhich we call:(a) Major losses - - losses due to pipe friction, i.e. the‘roughness’ of the pipes. This is usuallythe largest energy loss in a pipelinesystem.(b) Minor losses - - energy lost at local points on the pipesystem such as pipe bends, pipeconnections, valves, etc.
 
lossturbineoutpumpsin
HHH
++=+
HH
outout2outoutinin2inin
zρgp2gvHzρgp2gvH
++=++=
;

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