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Compass Newsletter - Spring 2011

Compass Newsletter - Spring 2011

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The Peace & Justice Compass newsletter is published by the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice (IPJ) and provides updates on IPJ programs, field work and recent events.
The Peace & Justice Compass newsletter is published by the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice (IPJ) and provides updates on IPJ programs, field work and recent events.

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Published by: Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice on Jul 28, 2011
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SPRING 2011 | 1
Fighting Crime With Compassion
by Marissa Wong, WorldLink journalist 
 Volume 5, Issue 2
tudents o all classes, ethnicities and perspectives wereconronted with the same question in the openingplenary: “What will your legacy be?” asked Jonathon White, a Drug Enorcement Administration agent. Whiteencouraged students to realize their circle o inuenceand to use their power in it or the better, as “peace andcompassion ow through relationships. While I was truly inspired, I didn’t understand how compassion could possibly make a dent in human and weaponstrafcking, gangs and drugs. Yet throughout the day, I realized how  wrong my preconceptions were. Youth are oten cultured to believethat to fght an evil, we must be equally evil. We are surrounded by images o war, armed violence and recurring destruction. But the Youth Town Meeting showed its attendants that what the world really needs iscompassion. While an AK-47 can immediately eliminate a problem in aperson’s lie, compassion is what picks up the pieces and sews together the beginnings o new lie. A criminal intelligence analyst or the San Diego County Sheri’sDepartment identifed a gang’s oer o amily and respect as one o themain reasons adolescents are drawn to criminal liestyles. In the war againstgangs, compassion is one o the most eective combatants. Youth must beshown that there are other means to a sense o belonging and acceptance.Students in attorney Lilia Velasquez’s briefng on humantrafcking learned that thedifculty is not only fndingand rescuing victims, butalso keeping them out o thetrafcking ring. “Fity percent o rescue victims in India will goback [to their trafckers],explained Velasquez, “becausethat is the only place they will be accepted.” Those lucky enough toescape do not always ind justice upon their return home – they are oten rejected by their owncommunitiesand amilies. For traicking victimsto truly re-createtheir lives, a shit inmillions o mindsetsaround the worldmust occur.Meriam Palma, adocumentarian whoocuses on the war-torn communities o Mindanao in thePhilippines, spoke aboutchanging mindsets in her own country by exposing deeply rootedprejudices between Christians and Muslims and building bridges o understanding.“With compassion, we see [the humanity in others],” said an InstitutoMéxico Americano Noroeste student who identifed with Palma’s story.“We understand what makes them suer.” (For more on Palma’s visit and work, see page 10.) Countless causes have led to this conict-stricken world: The lack o connection we eel to human lie. The distance created by guns and bullets.The ability to dehumanize others and isolate them rom society. Thetendency to discard people we don’t understand. But compassion candrive us toward a uture without these realities.In the words o WorldLink participant Maryanne Aguilar o High TecHigh International, “Compassion drives people to want justice.” We havethe key, and as Jonathon White said, we have the circle o inuence. Above all, we have a legacy to leave. What will your next move be?
Guest contributor Marissa Wong is a senior at High Tech High International.On Jan. 21, 2011, more than 750 middle and high school students rom San Diego and Tijuana gathered at the University o San Diego or WorldLink’s 14th Annual YouthTown Meeting. This year’s student-selected theme was “Crimes Without Borders: Threats to Human Security,” ocusing on the local, nationaland international implications o human tracking, transnational gangs,terrorism, drugs and small arms.
 A student delegate raises a question during a briefng session
High school student delegates rom CETYSUniversidad in Tijuana
We are surrounded by images o war, armed violence and recurring destruction. But the Youth Town Meeting showed itsattendants that what the world really needs is compassion.
2 | SPRING 2011
 Voices of Experience
Distinguished Lecture Series
2 | SPRING 2011
uilding on an electriying September presentation by Chie Commissioner o the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission,Monica McWilliams, the Distinguished Lecture Series brought in two very dierent but equally eminent speakers: Johan Galtung, the “ather o peace studies,” and Stephen J. Rapp, U.S. ambassador-at-large or war crimes issues. Galtung spent several hours with students beore his public lectureon “Breaking the Cycle o Violent Conict.” He challenged students –many o whom sought advice about the conicts aecting their homecountries, including South Korea, Nigeria and Sudan – to stepback rom the immediate acts o the conict and dig deeper into the history and root causes in order to better understandthe parties to the conict and possible long-term solutions.Even in areas that saw no direct violence, he pointed out thestructural violence that leaves certain groups with shorter liespans, little access to the benefts o commerce or government,and no voice in the development o their communities.“Structural violence churns out suering and death,Galtungemphasized. “It can have the economic orm o making basicsatisfers o human needs impossible or lack o cash or lack o possibilities or growing ood. It can have the political ormo repression. It can have the cultural orm o alienation. Andsooner or later, it will show up as suering o various kinds.He returned to the IPJ Boardroom the ollowing morning ater studentsasked or more time to delve into the theories he has developed over 40 years o teaching and writing – and the mediation experience thathas shaped those theories. He spoke o “human security” as providingbasic needs that are non-negotiable: to be alive, to have a minimum levelo physical well-being, and to have the reedom o choice, o the spiritand the mind. The process he shared with students o mapping conictormation, determining legitimate goals o the parties and bridging thosegoals sounded deceptively easy, but he acknowledged the difculty inmeasuring results in conict resolution.One o the interesting elements o Galtung’s work as a mediator in over 100 conicts has been his reusal to accept any government unding. Itallows him complete reedom, he explained, because it prevents eventhe appearance o a conict o interest or bias that can be toxic topeace processes. Ambassador Rapp, on the other hand, represents the United States in thehalls o governments and the homes o victims o war crimes all over the world, as he pushes or better understanding o international humanrights law and justice or victims o genocide, war crimes and crimesagainst humanity.Rapp had previously served as a prosecutor in the International CriminalTribunal or Rwanda, where his ofce achieved the frst convictionsin history or leaders o mass media or the crime o direct and publicincitement to commit genocide. And in the Special Court or SierraLeone, Rapp achieved groundbreaking convictions or sexual slavery andorced marriage as crimes against humanity.He arrived at the institute ater several months o bone-wearyingtravel, touching down in almost every country where violent conict isaccompanied by atrocities and where justice systems have oten been weakened by war. Ater meeting with students to discuss post-conict tribunals, specialcourts, the International Criminal Court (ICC) and other justiceinstruments, Rapp mingled with USD aculty, donors and special guestsat a reception beore presenting his talk on “Achieving Justice or the Victims o Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity.” With the United States involved in supporting or encouraging justice eortsin multiple countries,Rapp handled wide-ranging questionsrom the audienceon issues such asgender violence,the United States’interaction with the ICC and theimpact o justice onconict prevention.“We owe it to all o humankind to makethe institutions o national andinternational justice so eective that there is at least the possibility thatit will deter the worst crimes known to humankind,” Rapp declared. Thegoal may be ambitious, but through his dedication and that o thousandso investigators, lawyers, civil society groups, judges, peacekeepers,military ofcers and courageous witnesses – including victims – theprocess has begun.
To watch any o the Distinguished Lecture Series talks or read the transcripts or interviews with the speakers, go to http://peace.sandiego.edu/dls
We owe it to all o humankind to make the institutions o national and international justice so efective that there is at least the possibility that it will deter the worst crimes knownto humankind.
 — Stephen Rapp
 Ambassador Rapp addresses the challenges o achieving justice or victims o genocide,war crimes and crimes against humanityGaltung talking with a student ater his lecture
SPRING 2011 | 3
Peace Talks & Justice Matters
By Executive Director Milburn Line
Fostering Peace, Cultivating Justice and Creatinga Saer World. Through education, research andpeacemaking activities, the IPJ oers programsthat advance scholarship and practice in conictresolution and human rights.
The Peace & Justice Compass newsletter ispublished by the Joan B. Kroc Institute or Peace& Justice at the University o San Diego’s Joan B.Kroc School o Peace Studies. An online version o this newsletter can beound at http://peace.sandiego.edu together  with additional inormation about IPJ programsand activities. The views expressed here are notnecessarily those o the University o San Diego.
 President, University o San Diego
Mary E. Lyons, Ph.D.
 Provost, University o San Diego
 Julie H. Sullivan, Ph.D.
 Dean, Joan B. Kroc School o Peace Studies
 William Headley, C.S.Sp., Ph.D.
 Executive Director  Joan B. Kroc Institute or Peace & Justice
Milburn Line, M.A.
 Editor, Peace & Justice Compass
Kaitlin Barker and Emiko Noma, M.S.
Dee Aker, Marisa Alioto, Karla Alvarez, KaitlinBarker, Ryan Blystone, Jennier Freeman, ChrisGroth, Diana Kutlow, Milburn Line, ElenaMcCollim, Emiko Noma, Meriam Palma, DustinSharp and Marissa Wong
Buchanan Design, San Diego
Peace & Justice Policy Brief 
the IPJ’s new occasional seriesdesigned to contribute to policy initiatives that address challenges in peacebuilding, human rights and conict resolution
 Milburn Line. “Retooling U.S. Policy or Peace in Colombia.” Feb. 11, 2011. www.sandiego.edu/peacestudies/ipj/publications/PolicyBries.php
 Women PeaceMakers Conference Report
  Alicia Simoni. “Precarious Progress: U.N. Resolutions on Women,Peace and Security.” Final Report. http://catcher.sandiego.edu/items/ peacestudies/2010_IPJ_Conerence_Report.pd 
Dee Aker and Jennifer Freeman
“Women are Essential to Peacebuilding.”
 Peace Policy.
November 2010.“For real global security, put women in their place – at the negotiatingtable.”
Christian Science Monitor 
. Dec. 3, 2010.
Milburn Line
“Eyes on the prize in China.”
San Diego Union-Tribune
. Jan. 22, 2011.“Don’t Downsize Democracy - Here or Abroad.
 Hufngton Post 
.March 2, 2011.
Recent Ipj Publications Advocate For Policy Changes
For updates on the institute’s work, opinion pieces, reports rom thefeld and more, visit the IPJ Blog at http://sites.sandiego.edu/ipj
IPJ Blog
n these pages you will fnd the IPJ engaging a broad spectrumo people on matters o peace and justice, rom youth inTijuana to women peacemakers in Nepal, West Arican rightsadvocates, historically excluded Mayans and our own U.S. military.The April 2011 congressional budget vote narrowly avertedleaving private institutes and other civil society eorts as the only peace enterprises in the United States. While institutes like the IPJcan build bridges (page 5), conduct targeted feld interventions(pages 4 and 5) and inorm policy (below), they cannot replace substantive national policies andagencies dedicated to building just and peaceul societies.The budget that passed Congress cut $8 billion rom international aairs eorts through the U.S.Institute o Peace, U.S. Agency or International Development and the U.S. Department o State.Counter to common misperceptions, the U.S. government only spends about 1 percent o itsbudget on oreign aid. The American Friends Service Committee estimates we spend $720 milliona day in Aghanistan and Iraq when we account or medical treatment o wounded veterans,replacing destroyed equipment, paying interest on the debt incurred and yearly operational costs. Are our peace, justice and development initiatives – which oer the possibility o preventingconict and generating long-term social and political stability – not worth the equivalent o what we spend in a ew days or weeks on two wars? Do the men and women who serve in our armedorces not deserve an investment that might preclude them rom being called to risk their lives?Looking back over history, the initiatives o peace and justice advocates have produced someo humanity’s greatest achievements: the abolition o slavery, civil rights, decolonization,democratization, international law, nuclear disarmament regimes and voting rights or women.Peace eorts are not simply articulations o idealistic goals but increasingly built around thepractices and methodologies o conict prevention, truth-telling, pluralistic dialogue andnegotiation and institutional reorm, concepts readily apparent in the IPJ’s feldwork. A 3D vision o security that builds on balanced eorts or development, diplomacy and deensehas been advanced by Secretary o Deense Robert Gates. Over time a peace architectureencompasses and strengthens our current concept o hard security by ensuring inclusivedialogue, participation and institutional response that can address both ongoing violence andstructural violence, the injustices that underpin historic conicts. We have begun to try to orge a vision or that peace architecture through the feld projects, policy advocacy initiatives and civil-military dialogue you will fnd highlighted in these pages. As we continue to be engaged in wars that cost hundreds o thousands o lives and trillions o dollars, the methods o preventing and transorming conict – the science o peace and justice –is a resource we cannot aord to eliminate rom our strategy.

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