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Guidelines MIMO Test

Guidelines MIMO Test

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wireless, marcelo fenner bitencourt, spectral, antenna, rate,
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Published by: Marcelo Fenner Bitencourt on Aug 11, 2011
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Guidelines for MIMO TestSetups – Part 2 Application Note
Products:
|
R&S
SMU200A
|
R&S
AMU200A
|
R&S
SMATE200A
|
R&S
SMBV100A
|
R&S
AMU-Z7Multiple antenna systems, known as MIMOsystems, form an essential part of today’swireless communications standards. Themulti-antenna technology efficiently booststhe data throughput without requiringadditional bandwidth or transmit power andhas thus become a key technology.Rohde & Schwarz offers compact andversatile MIMO test solutions with realtimefading including simulation of channelcorrelations. This application note explainshow to set up Rohde & Schwarz signalgenerators for 2x2, 4x2 and 2x4 MIMO testswith a focus on signal routing,synchronization of the generators, andleveling.
       A     p     p       l       i     c     a      t       i     o     n       N     o      t     e       C .       T     r       ö     s      t     e     r       0      5 .       2       0       1       0   -       1       G       P      5       1_       1       E
 
Table of Contents1GP51_1E
Rohde & Schwarz
Guidelines for MIMO Test Setups – Part 2
3
Table of Contents
1Introductory Note................................................................................6
 
2Overview..............................................................................................6
 
3Brief Introduction to MIMO.................................................................8
 
3.1
 
Fading...........................................................................................................................8
 
3.2 MIMO Systems.............................................................................................................9
 
3.3
 
Testing MIMO Systems.............................................................................................10
 
3.3.1
 
Testing without Fading.............................................................................................11
 
3.3.2 Testing with Fading...................................................................................................11
 
42x2 MIMO...........................................................................................12
 
4.1 2x2 MIMO with SMU...................................................................................................12
 
4.1.1 Signal Routing............................................................................................................13
 
4.1.2 Baseband Signal........................................................................................................14
 
4.1.2.1
 
LTE..............................................................................................................................15
 
4.1.2.2
 
HSPA+.........................................................................................................................16
 
4.1.2.3
 
WiMAX.........................................................................................................................17
 
4.1.3 Fading Settings..........................................................................................................18
 
4.1.3.1
 
Correlation Matrix......................................................................................................20
 
4.1.3.2
 
Correlation Matrix – Kronecker Mode......................................................................23
 
4.1.3.3 Steering Matrix...........................................................................................................24
 
4.1.3.4 Predefined Fader Settings for Radio Standards.....................................................25
 
4.1.4
 
Triggering...................................................................................................................26
 
4.1.5
 
AWGN..........................................................................................................................26
 
4.1.6
 
Leveling......................................................................................................................27
 
4.1.6.1 Steering Matrix...........................................................................................................27
 
4.1.6.2
 
AWGN..........................................................................................................................29
 
4.1.6.3
 
RF Power Measurement............................................................................................29
 
4.1.7
 
Excursus: Measurement of the Baseband Signal Level........................................32
 
4.2 2x2 MIMO with AMU & SMATE.................................................................................33
 
4.2.1
 
Signal Routing (AMU)................................................................................................34
 
4.2.2
 
Signal Up-Conversion (AMU & SMATE)..................................................................34
 

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