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Retouch Techniques Photoshop Book

Retouch Techniques Photoshop Book

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Published by gypsiegrl
Retouch Techniques for Photoshop
Retouch Techniques for Photoshop

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Published by: gypsiegrl on Sep 28, 2008
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08/17/2013

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DAMAGE CONTROL AND REPAIR 
T
he torture we put our old photographs through—storing them in damp basements, carrying them inwallets, folding, tearing, cutting, and pasting them intoalbums—all leave the telltale cracks, rips, tears, andmisshapen corners. So if this is so bad for photographs,why do we put them through the gauntlet of abuse?Because we value, treasure, and cherish them. We likecarrying a picture of loved ones in our wallets or purses,we take pleasure in making the family photo album orcollage, and sadly we often don’t realize that the base-ment isn’t the best place to store a valuable print.So rather than relegating the damaged to a darker,more forgotten, basement corner—let’s get them out,scan them in, and learn toEliminate scratchesRemove wires and clutterRepair tears, rips, and cracksMake stains and discoloration disappearThe tools and techniques used to conquer these chal-lenges includeThe Rubber Stamp toolThe Background Eraser toolLevels and Layer options
6
2318 CH06 1/30/01 1:37 PM Page 1
 
ELIMINATING SCRATCHES
One of the most pedestrian and irritating thingsyou will need to retouch are scratches caused bydirty film processors, coarse handling, or specks of dust on the scanner or digital camera CCD(charged coupled device). But take heart; with thefollowing techniques you’ll make those scratchesdisappear with ease and panache.
Using the Rubber Stamp Tool
Old photos and negatives are often plagued withnumerous irregular scratches, which can be hiddenquickly and easily.
 Figure 6.1
shows an originalprint that curled over time and cracked when itwas stored incorrectly and weight was placed on it.
 Figure 6.2
shows the repaired file.
 figure 6.3
Setting up the scratch removal layer and the Rubber Stamp parameters.
2.Select a brush size that is large enough tocover the scratch. Move the mouse 1 to 2brush widths to the left or right of thescratch, to an area that has a similar tonalrange and (Option + click)[Alt + click] to setthe clone source.3.To spare yourself the trouble of having to drawalong the entire scratch, Shift + click theRubber Stamp tool at the top of the scratch.4.Let go of the mouse button and move the brushabout an inch down the scratch, and Shift +click again. The Rubber Stamp tool clones in aperfectly straight line (see
figure 6.4
).
2
Photoshop
Restoration and Retouching
 figure 6.1
 
i   s m annf   ami  l   y a c i   v  e
 figure 6.2
ch6_scratch.jpg
1.Add an empty layer and name it ScratchRemoval. Select the Rubber Stamp tool andset the Mode to Normal, the Opacity to 100%,and check Use All Layers as seen in
figure 6.3
.
BEFORE AFTER 
 figure 6.4
 After Shift + clicking along the scratch.
5.Continue Shift + clicking your way along thescratch. The Scratch Removal layer, shownin
figure 6.5
, shows the cloning that’s beenapplied to the photograph.
2318 CH06 1/30/01 1:37 PM Page 2
 
 figure 6.5
The isolated Scratch Removal layer.
T i p
While working with the Clone Stamp or anypainting tool, access the context-sensitive menu tochange brush size or Blending Modes by pressing(Control) [right mouse button] (see
figure 6.6
).
3
Chapter 6
Damage Control and Repair
 figure 6.6
 Accessing the context-sensitive menu of the Rubber Stamptool for faster brush or Blending Mode changes.
Removing Straight Scratches
Sometimes a speck of dust will land on the scannerCCD, creating a one or two pixel line that runs theentire length of the file, such as the one seen in
fig-ure 6.7
. Don’t despair; you can purge the world of that scratch as shown in
figure 6.8
with the outlinedsteps. To fix a vertical scratch, use the Single ColumnMarquee tool, and to fix a horizontal scratch, use theSingle Row Marquee tool.
 figure 6.7
BEFORE
 
 at  i  ni   s m ann
 AFTER 
 figure 6.8
ch6_scratch2.jpg
1.Select the Single Column Marquee tool, zoomin on the culprit, and click next to thescratch, as seen in
figure 6.9
. If you didn’tland directly next to the scratch, use the arrowkeys to nudge the selection into position.
2318 CH06 1/30/01 1:37 PM Page 3

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