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SymbolPROEs

SymbolPROEs

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Published by Graham Moore

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Published by: Graham Moore on Aug 25, 2011
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02/26/2012

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Symbols
Symbols are collections of draft geometry and text. When you use them in a drawing, they become single entities or instances. You can add as many instances of a symbol as you like. Thischapter explains how to work with system-supplied and user-defined symbols in a drawing.
Topic
Accessing Symbols
Pro/ENGINEER symbols exist in two different areas: the user-defined symbols area and thesystem symbols area. The
user-defined symbols area
is the default storage area for user symbols.The
 system symbols area
is read-only and contains system symbols provided by Pro/ENGINEER with the Pro/DETAIL module (such as the Welding Symbols Library).
Setting the User-Defined Symbols Area
To specify the area in which you want to store user-defined symbols, set the configuration fileoption ``pro_symbol_dir.'' This option automatically creates a search path to the specifieddirectory. Pro/ENGINEER saves all symbols into and retrieves them from this directory bydefault if you add this option to your configuration file. If you change the value, the system doesnot delete symbols used in the drawing; once you add them, it stores the definitions locally in thedrawing.You should establish a single directory as your 
user 
library for all standard symbols. If you donot specify one, the system searches in the current working directory. You can change the defaultarea for user-defined symbols by entering a new value for the ``pro_symbol_dir'' configurationfile option. When you change this directory, you do not have to modify the configuration file;however, this change is valid only for the current Pro/ENGINEER session. Use this option to
 
define new symbols that you store in a local or temporary directory; you can still easily retrievesymbols from the standard symbols area.
How to Change ``pro_symbol_dir'' for the Current Session
1.
Choose DETAIL ITEM >
Symbol
>
Definition
>
Symbol Dir
.2.Type the pathname of the directory for the new ``pro_symbol_dir.''3.To restore the default pathname in the current session, do one of the following:
o
Repeat this process and substitute the original pathname.
o
Choose
Utilities
>
Preferences
>
Load Config
from the Pro/ENGINEER menu bar and reload the configuration file in which this option resides.
Using the System Symbols Area
The system symbols area contains libraries of Pro/ENGINEER symbols that are available withthe Pro/DETAIL module. This area is
read-only
. To retrieve a symbol, choose
Open
from thePro/ENGINEER 
File
menu; then select
System Syms
from the
Look In
container of the Opendialog box.The Welding Symbols Library, for example, provides a collection of generic system symbolsaccording to the ANSI standard, and a collection of symbols according to the ISO standard.Using this library, you can create a variety of welding, brazing, and examination symbols in adrawing. Before you create an instance, familiarize yourself with the procedure for addinginstances (seeAdjusting Instance Location). To learn how to work with welding symbols, seeShowing Symbols for Welds Created in Pro/WELDING.
Creating Your Own Library
You can create your own symbols library. For information on how to create and locate your ownlibrary of symbols, see the
 Pro/ENGINEER Installation and Administration Guide
.
Defining Symbols
Pro/ENGINEER supports two kinds of symbols--simple and generic. A
 simple
symbol is asymbol instance that is identical to the symbol. A
 generic
symbol defines a
 of similar symbols; it contains all entities pertaining to this family. You can arrange geometry and text in ageneric symbol in groups and subgroups, creating a tree structure of symbol definition.
Simple Symbols
To define a simple symbol, you must specify the symbol entities (geometry), attributes, origin or attachment point, and any variable text needed. Using the SYMBOL EDIT menu, you can definea simple symbol using draft entities in a format or file.
 
How to Define a Simple Symbol
1.
Create the draft geometry and add notes to include as fixed or variable text in the symbol(see the next section, Specifying Entities
 
). The text size and placement should be proportional to the geometry. Symbol text and geometry remain proportional when youmodify the symbol height.
2.
Choose DETAIL >
Create
>
Symbol
>
Definition
>
Define
.3.Type a name that an existing symbol is not already using (in the directory where you aregoing to store the symbol) unless you intend to overwrite the existing symbol. Thesymbol edit window appears.
4.
Choose
Copy Drawing
to copy entities from the format or drawing into the symbol editwindow. Choose GET SELECT >
Pick Many
>
Pick Box
to select all entities quickly.
5.
Choose GET SELECT >
Done Sel
to confirm your selection. All selected entities appear in the symbol edit window.
6.
Choose SYMBOL EDIT >
Attributes
.
7.
Select the desired attributes from the Symbol Definition Attributes dialog box; then click 
OK 
(for more information, seeSpecifying Attributes).
8.
Choose SYMBOL EDIT >
Done
. The system confirms that it has successfully definedthe symbol.
Selecting Origins for Symbol Placement
Specifying Entities
To specify entities to be included in the definition of a symbol, you begin by selecting the draftgeometry, nodes, unattached notes (defined as variable or fixed text), and filled areas to composethe symbol. Using the commands in the SYMBOL EDIT menu, you can create symbol entities ina number of ways:
In the symbol edit window, create geometry and text using the
Detail
command.
In a drawing, create geometry and text; then copy what you need into the symbol editwindow using the
Copy Drawing
command.
Using the
Copy Symbol
command, retrieve a selected symbol into the symbol editwindow (for a generic symbol, when adding a symbol, you must select groups to include)and use its entities to define your own symbol. Once the symbol appears in the symboledit window, the system ungroups its entities, and you can manipulate them individually.

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