significantly more likely to institute appropriate follow-up for students after exposure to blood of patients who were known or unknown carriers of hepatitis B virus (p less than 0.0001). For students exposed to blood of patients whose hepatitis B status was unknown and patients whowere known hepatitis B carriers, 19.2% and 8.9%, respectively, reported they performed nofollow-up whatsoever. U.S. nursing students are inadequately protected against hepatitis B.Nursing school administrators and faculty should be educated on the risks of hepatitis Binfection and the indications and use of the hepatitis B vaccine.PMID:
J Adv Nurs.1992 Apr;17(4):507-13.
Preferred sources of information on AIDS among high schoolstudents from selected schools in Zimbabwe.
Ndlovu RJ,Sihlangu RH.
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe.
Following various national HIV and AIDS awareness campaign activities under the auspices of theMinistries of Health and Education, Zimbabwe, an AIDS KABP survey was undertaken. The study samplecomprised 478 high school students randomly selected and stratified to represent sex and Forms 1through to 6. The study instrument was a 31-item questionnaire designed to assess the students'knowledge, attitudes, practices and sources of information in relation to HIVsyndrome. This report reviewsonly that part of the study dealing with sources of information. Newspapers, television, radio andmagazine were the most frequently cited sources of first information. Classmates were cited by 20% toover 30% of respondents as first sources of information. Authority figures like health workers, parents,teachers, the Church did not emerge as significant sources of first information. Doctors were identified asthe most preferred source of information in future. Sources of first information were related to age, formlevel, sex and location of school attended. There were notable differences between boarding schoolrespondents and day scholars. No regional differences were noted.478 students from 4 sub-urban coeducational schools from Mashonaland region and Matabelelandregion, Zimbabwe, were surveyed on their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to AIDs in October-December, 1990. The sample was randomly selected and stratified by sex and grade level. Informationwas obtained on their first source of sources of information on HIV infection and AIDs, the mostinformative source, and the most preferred source. A national awareness campaign, begun in 1987,informed the general population and distributed 3 booklets on HIV infection and AIDs to high schoolstudents. Differences were reflected by sex, grade level, school location, and geographical region in theuse of newspaper, television, and booklets. The findings were that health care providers were of minimalsignificance in providing information, although 20% cited these professions as preferred sources of information. 49% of the students cited the newspaper as their first source of information. Followingnewspapers in order of preference were television, radio, and magazines which were identified as the firstsource by 36-45% of the students. Only 25% gave booklets as the first source of information. 20% citedclassmates as the first source of information. First sources may not always be the most informative.Higher grade levels more frequently cited newspapers as their first source, but television was the mostfrequently cited as the first source in grades 1-3. Higher grade levels (5-6) also cited classmates as an