•Four values that describe the ―address‖ and ―spin‖ of an individual
n = principal energy level; can range from 1 to infinity; determines thetotal energy of the electron; indicates the most probable [within 90%]
distance of the electron from the nucleus, i.e. the greater the ―n‖ thegreater the electron’s average distance from the nucleus
–It’s simply the energy level that the electron is in. –
Electrons with the same n are in the same electron shell or electron level.
•ℓ = angular momentum; ranges from 0 to (n
–Each ℓ is a different orbital shape or orbital type.
s, p, d, f sublevels have ℓ = 0,1,2,3
= magnetic; it describes the orientation of an orbital in a givensubshell; ranges from -
ℓ to +ℓ, including 0; works like a number line
= based on Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule; accounts for
the reaction of electrons in a magnetic field; can be +1/2 (for firstelectron placed in an orbital) or -1/2 (for second electron placed in anorbital)