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Atomic Structure and Periodicity

Atomic Structure and Periodicity

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Published by AndreaMarkham

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Published by: AndreaMarkham on Sep 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/26/2012

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More Atomic Structure andPeriodicity
 
More On Electron Configurations
We know how to write electronconfigurations in orbital box notation,noble gas notation, and spdf notation.
Use your green strip!
 –
Diamagnetic= all electrons are paired
 –
Paramagnetic= one or more unpairedelectrons
 
Quantum Numbers
Four values that describe the ―address‖ and ―spin‖ of an individual
electron.
n = principal energy level; can range from 1 to infinity; determines thetotal energy of the electron; indicates the most probable [within 90%]
distance of the electron from the nucleus, i.e. the greater the ―n‖ thegreater the electron’s average distance from the nucleus
 
 –It’s simply the energy level that the electron is in. –
Electrons with the same n are in the same electron shell or electron level.
ℓ = angular momentum; ranges from 0 to (n
-1)
 –Each ℓ is a different orbital shape or orbital type.
 
s, p, d, f sublevels have = 0,1,2,3
m
= magnetic; it describes the orientation of an orbital in a givensubshell; ranges from -
ℓ to +ℓ, including 0; works like a number line
 
m
s
 
= based on Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund’s Rule; accounts for 
the reaction of electrons in a magnetic field; can be +1/2 (for firstelectron placed in an orbital) or -1/2 (for second electron placed in anorbital)

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