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Cooperative Learning Activities Handout[1]

Cooperative Learning Activities Handout[1]

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Published by: koreangoldfish on Oct 08, 2008
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Class Activities that use Cooperative Learning
Most of these structures are developed by Dr. Spencer Kagan and his associates atKagan Publishing and Professional Development. For resources and professionaldevelopment information on Kagan Structures, please visit:www.KaganOnline.com
 
1.Jigsaw- Groups with five students are set up. Each groupmember is assigned some unique material to learn and then to
 
teach to his group members. To help in the learning studentsacross the class working on the same sub-section get together todecide what is important and how to teach it. After practice inthese "expert" groups the original groups reform and studentsteach each other. (Wood, p. 17) Tests or assessment follows.
2. Think-Pair-Share
- Involves a three step cooperative structure.During the first step individuals think silently about a questionposed by the instructor. Individuals pair up during the second stepand exchange thoughts. In the third step, the pairs share theirresponses with other pairs, other teams, or the entire group.
 
3. Three-Step Interview
(Kagan)
-
Each member of a team choosesanother member to be a partner. During the first step individualsinterview their partners by asking clarifying questions. During thesecond step partners reverse the roles. For the final step, membersshare their partner's response with the team.
4.
 
RoundRobin Brainstorming
(
Kagan)- Class is divided intosmall groups (4 to 6) with one person appointed as the recorder. Aquestion is posed with many answers and students are given timeto think about answers. After the "think time," members of theteam share responses with one another round robin style. The
 
recorder writes down the answers of the group members. Theperson next to the recorder starts and each person in the group inorder gives an answer until time is called.
 
5.
 
Three-minute review
- Teachers stop any time during alecture or discussion and give teams three minutes to review whathas been said, ask clarifying questions or answer questions.
 
6. Numbered Heads Together
(Kagan) - A team of four is established. Eachmember is given numbers of 1, 2, 3, 4. Questions are asked of the group.Groups work together to answer the question so that all can verbally answer thequestion. Teacher calls out a number (two) and each two is asked to give theanswer.
7. Team Pair Solo
(Kagan)- Students do problems first as a team,then with a partner, and finally on their own. It is designed tomotivate students to tackle and succeed at problems which initiallyare beyond their ability. It is based on a simple notion of mediatedlearning. Students can do more things with help (mediation) thanthey can do alone. By allowing them to work on problems theycould not do alone, first as a team and then with a partner, theyprogress to a point they can do alone that which at first they coulddo only with help.
 
8. Circle the Sage
(Kagan)- First the teacher polls the class to seewhich students have a special knowledge to share. For example theteacher may ask who in the class was able to solve a difficult mathhomework question, who had visited Mexico, who knows thechemical reactions involved in how salting the streets help dissipate
 
snow. Those students (the sages) stand and spread out in theroom. The teacher then has the rest of the classmates eachsurround a sage, with no two members of the same team going tothe same sage. The sage explains what they know while theclassmates listen, ask questions, and take notes. All students thenreturn to their teams. Each in turn, explains what they learned.Because each one has gone to a different sage, they comparenotes. If there is disagreement, they stand up as a team. Finally,the disagreements are aired and resolved.
 
9.
 
Partners
(Kagan) - The class is divided into teams of four.Partners move to one side of the room. Half of each team is givenan assignment to master to be able to teach the other half.Partners work to learn and can consult with other partners workingon the same material. Teams go back together with each set of partners teaching the other set. Partners quiz and tutorteammates. Team reviews how well they learned and taught andhow they might improve the process.
 
Credits:
David and Roger Johnson. "Cooperative Learning." [Online] 15 October 2001.<http://www.clcrc.com/pages/cl.html>.David and Roger Johnson. "An Overview of Cooperative Learning." [Online] 15 October2001. <http://www.clcrc.com/pages/overviewpaper.html>.Howard Community College's Teaching Resources. "Ideas on Cooperative Learning andthe use of Small Groups." [Online] 15 October 2001.
<
http://www.howardcc.edu/profdev/resources/learning/groups1.htm>.Kagan, S. Kagan Structures for Emotional Intelligence. Kagan Online Magazine. 2001,4(4).http://www.kaganonline.com/Newsletter/index.html 
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