Mueller, associate administrator for Manned Space Flight,said the orbital workshop "will provide us with a major step towards an under
standing of the requirements for a space station.
He said the early development of long duration flight capability is clearly oneof the most important areas to be pressed forward, since it is a key requirementfor most of the possible significant advances in manned flight.Apollo Applicationsflights of several months duration will represent
significant increase in thenation's operational capabilities in s?ace arid will provide opportunities forimportant scientific and technological experimentation. An extended durationflight experiment is also necessary to provide a sound basis for those futuredecisions on manned programs of the greatest interest and potential.Theseinclude permanent manned facilities in ::pace or manned flights to the planets.Maximum economy
be achieved in the Apollo Applications effortthrough the
use and modification of Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicles.Until the orbital workshop idea developed, a spent stage in orbit wasconsidered to be useless.Today, based on detailed studies, the S-IVB spentstage is considered to be a flexible and economical resource, capable of fulfillinga variety of manned space program requirements at relatively low cost.The major pieces of new equipment being developed for the workshopexperiment are an airlock and multiple docking adapter. The airlock, beingbuilt for the Manned Spacecraft Center by McDonnell Douglas Corp., will allowastronauts to move from their spacecraft to the S-IVB stage without depressurizingeither.The docking adapter attached to the airlock provides
means of joiningtogether up to five payloads. The NASA-Mar shall Space Flight Center isdesigning and manufacturing the multiple docking adapter.