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1. Suppose that the electric potential outside a living cell is higher than that inside the
cell by0.076 V. How much work is done by the electric force when a sodium ion
(charge = +e) moves from the outside to the inside?
\u0394V = -WAB/ qo
The charge that it talks about is about a positive electron, which is different than a
negative electron but they have the same charge:
2. Just as you touch a metal door knob, a spark of electricity (electrons) jumps from
your hand to the knob. The electric potential of the knob is3.0 104V greater than
that of your hand. The work done by the electric force on the electrons is1.5 10-7J.
How many electrons jump from your hand to the knob?
\u0394V = W/q
\u0394V \u00d7 q = W
q = W / \u0394V
Again, like the previous questions you are going to have to use the \u0394V equation. (*Note: \u0394V
has many different expressions but for these problems we are using the \u0394V= W / q)
You have the change in electric potential and the charge of an electron, you can use those
to plug them in to the equation:
In part (b) the question asks for the kinetic energy when the electron arrives at the anode. If you look in the book in page 563, Figure 19.6 you see the TOTAL ENERGY that an object can have. If you take that equation and use the Ef=Eo you will see that almost all of the \u201cterms\u201d in the equation go away and you are left with:
This is due to the fact that the right side of the equation is the initial energy, since the
electron is at rest it doesn\u2019t have any kinetic, since it can\u2019t rotate (going in a straight line) it
doesn\u2019t have rotational energy, (we ignore gravity), and no elastic forces are present.
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