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Hermeneutics

Hermeneutics

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Biblical hermeneutics
Part of a series on
The Bible
Biblical canonand books

Chapter & Verse
Tanakh(Torah\u00b7 Nevi'im\u00b7
Ketuvim)
Masoretic text
Samaritan Pentateuch
Old Testament\u00b7 Hebrew Bible
New Testament\u00b7 New
Covenant
Deuterocanonicals
Jewish apocrypha
Old Testament apocrypha
New Testament apocrypha
Antilegomena

Development

Jewish Canon
Old Testament canon
New Testament canon

Authorship

Authors of the Bible
Mosaic authorship
Johannine works\u00b7 Pauline
epistles

Bible translations

Septuagint
Targums\u00b7 Peshitta
Vetus Latina\u00b7 Vulgate
Gothic Bible\u00b7 Luther Bible
English translations

Biblical studies

Biblical criticism
Dating the Bible
Dead Sea scrolls

Biblical manuscript

NT textual categories
Documentary hypothesis
Synoptic problem
The Bible and history
Biblical archaeology

Interpretation
Hermeneutics
Pesher\u00b7 Midrash\u00b7 Pardes
Allegorical\u00b7 Literalism
Views

Biblical inerrancy\u00b7 Biblical
infallibility
Criticism of the Bible
Biblical law in Christianity
Islamic view of the Bible
Biblical narratives and the
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Testament
Judaism and Christianity
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This box:vie w\u2022talk \u2022edit
Biblical Hermeneutics refers to methods of interpreting theBibl e. Biblical hermeneutics

is part of the broaderhermeneu tic al question, relating to the problem of how one is to
understand the Holy Scripture. By definition, this is atheo logic al act, i.e., part of the
discourse of afaith-community. This does not mean that it is of no relevance to those who
do not consider themselves to be part of that community, but rather that it is an issue that
arises out of the particular needs of that community.

Therefore one ought to differentiate betweenChristi an andJewish Biblical hermeneutics:
although there is an overlap between the two (and some form of dialogue), since they
share part of their scriptures, they do arise out of different faith traditions and thus
developed their own notion of hermeneutics.

It must also be stressed that theological differences within these faith communities
preclude any 'definitive' statement on Biblical hermeneutics.
Contents
[hide]
\u2022
1 Christian Biblical hermeneutics
o
1.1 Theological hermeneutics as traditional Christian Biblical exegesis
\u2022
2 Techniques of hermeneutics
o
2.1 Roman Catholic principles of Hermeneutics
o
2.2 Trajectory Hermeneutics
\u2022
3 See also
\u2022
4 References
o
4.1 Further reading
\u2022
5 External links
[edit] Christian Biblical hermeneutics

Until Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, Biblical hermeneutics was usually seen as a form of special hermeneutics (like legal hermeneutics): the status of Holy Scripture was thought to necessitate a particular form of understanding and interpretation.

Since the days of Schleiermacher, however, it has become increasingly common, at least
inacade mia, to read Scripture just like any otherwri ting, though precisely what that
means is not without dispute. Schleiermacher argued against a distinction between
'general' and 'special' hermeneutics, and for a general theory of hermeneutics applicable
to alltexts, including the Bible.

Since Schleiermacher's days, the concept of 'hermeneutics' has acquired at least two
different (related but nevertheless distinct) meanings, both of which are in use today:
firstly, in the older sense, Biblical hermeneutics may be understood as the theological
principles of exegesis; in fact, it is often virtually synonymous with 'principles of biblical
interpretation', or methodology of Biblical exegesis.

Secondly, the more recent development is to understand the term 'Biblical hermeneutics'
as the broaderphilosoph y,Linguist ics, etc. underpinnings of interpretation - in other
words, the question is posed: "how is understanding possible?" The rationale of this
approach is that while Scripture is 'more than just an ordinary text', it is in the first
instance 'text', which human beings try to understand; in this sense, the principles of
understanding any text apply to the Bible as well (regardless of whatever other
specifically-theological principles one might want to consider in addition to that).

In this second sense, then, all aspects of philosophical, linguistic, etc. hermeneutics are considered to be applicable to the Biblical texts as well. There are obvious examples of this in the links between 20th century philosophy and Christiantheo log y: for example,

Rudolf Bultmann's hermeneutical approach was strongly influenced by existentialism,

and in particular by the philosophy of Martin Heidegger; and since the 1970s, the
philosophical hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer have had a wide-ranging influence
on Biblical hermeneutics as developed by a wide range of Christian theologians. The
French-American philosopher Rene Girard follows a similar trail.

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