activity inside the naval basin by cancelling the refractive energy of any waves thatentered the basin. The simulation included data of a 100 years of wave conditions.According to Neal the excavation has been done and the quay walls have beencompleted. The contract was awarded in January 2011 to the China HarbourEngineering Company. The dredging, reclamation and breakwater contracts are outto tender and the infrastructure and buildings are in the design preparation phase. Itis planned that the material from the dredging phase will be used to fill the areaneeded for the planned Qatar Economic Zone 3 Area.
Case study:Lusail Development, Marine package
defining the importance of pre- project planning
The Lusail City development project which is currently underway was examined inthis presentation by Mr. Jesper S. Damgaard, the Managing Director of COWI, isknown for its expertise in bridge design and harbour development. COWI is one ofthe top 3 companies in Qatar when it comes to waterfront design. Damgaard sharedthat COWI have already built up a reputation for this in the Middle East havingrecently completed the Al Reem waterfront in the United Arab Emirates and currentlyworking on the Al Zora waterfront project, amongst others.Damgaard highlighted 4 main elements for good waterfront design:
Safe and sound design agreement including allowance for flooding, global sealevel rises, storm waves, tropical cyclones, etc.
Sensible and cost effective soil improvement programme
Sufficiently high water exchange to maintain a good shoreline
Designing good beachesDamgaard presented the Lusail City development as a model for Waterfront/Marinaproject Development. Lusail City Marina is 21 sq/km with 30km of waterfront. Theconcept was developed in 2004/2005 and the design and marine works contract wasrecently issued. In his opinion it was probably the largest marine development in theGulf. The concept which is a mixed waterfront/marina development demands thatwave disturbances in the marina needs to be at an acceptable level. Looking at thewave conditions, Damgaard said that in the Gulf the waves from the North Eastdirection are important but he also stated that the port is relatively protected becauseof its location. He pointed out that the important factors in this scenario were not thewaves but the projected rise in sea levels and the extent of the planned reclamationarea. The projected rise in sea levels should act as a realistic measure forreclamation as it governs the risk of flooding and governs the marine structures thatwill be built on the reclaimed are. To minimise risk soil improvement strategies will becritical. He added that an old Wadi had been uncovered with extensive alluvialdeposits. Damgaard recommended that wick drains be installed at intervals which
would act like a ‘wet sock’ and that the soil should be surcharged.