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IFRC Annual Report 2010

IFRC Annual Report 2010

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A year in review of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
A year in review of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

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10/13/2011

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International Federation o Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
 annual report 2010
www.ifrc.orgSaving lives, changing minds.
 
Contents
The International Federation o Red Cross and RedCrescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest volunteer-based humanitarian network, reaching 150 millionpeople each year through our 186 member NationalSocieties. Together, we act beore, during and aterdisasters and health emergencies to meet the needsand improve the lives o vulnerable people. We do sowith impartiality as to nationality, race, gender, religiousbelies, class and political opinions.Guided by
Strategy 2020
– our collective plan o actionto tackle the major humanitarian and developmentchallenges o this decade – we are committed to ‘savinglives and changing minds’.Our strength lies in our volunteer network, ourcommunity-based expertise and our independence andneutrality. We work to improve humanitarian standards,as partners in development and in response to disasters.We persuade decision-makers to act at all times in theinterests o vulnerable people. The result: we enablehealthy and sae communities, reduce vulnerabilities,strengthen resilience and oster a culture o peacearound the world.
3
Humanitarian trendsand challenges
6
 Year in review 2010
8
 A tale of two disasters:Haiti and Pakistan
20
Finances
Strategy 2020
voices the collective determination o theIFRC to move orward in tackling the major challengesthat conront humanity in the next decade. Inormed bythe needs and vulnerabilities o the diverse communitieswith whom we work, as well as the basic rights andreedoms to which all are entitled, this strategy seeks tobenet all who look to Red Cross Red Crescent to help tobuild a more humane, dignied, and peaceul world.Over the next ten years, the collective ocus o the IFRCwill be on achieving the ollowing strategic aims:1. Save lives, protect livelihoods, and strengthenrecovery rom disasters and crises2. Enable healthy and sae living3. Promote social inclusion and a cultureo non-violence and peace
© International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies,Geneva, 2011
Any part o this publication may be cited, copied, translated into other languagesor adapted to meet local needs without prior permission rom the InternationalFederation o Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, provided that the source isclearly stated. Requests or commercial reproduction should be directed to theIFRC at secretariat@irc.orgAll photos used in this study are copyright o the IFRC unless otherwise indicated.Cover photo:
At a Pakistan Red Crescent camp in Khairpur, Sindh province, a group o displaced women learn how to read and write. Many women in rural Pakistan are illiterateand have ew opportunities to learn to read and write. Valérie Batselaere/IFRC
1203600 09/2011 E 1,000ISBN: 978-92-9139-176-9
 
 
Iri Fdri  Rd Crss d Rd Crsc Sciis
  Annual report 2010
3
 annual RepoRt2010
It is always worthwhile or leaders in any organizationto review and analyse the challenges it aced and theemerging trends it observed during the previous year.For an organization like the International Federation o Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, these refectionsare crucial.The size and reach o our network mean that we needto regularly re-evaluate what is working in our sector,what can be improved and what tomorrow might bring.Doing this together osters a collective commitmentto make the Red Cross and Red Crescent evenstronger and better positioned as a humanitarian anddevelopment leader with the interests o the vulnerabledriving our actions. Just as many o the people we serve must adapt to anew post-disaster reality, we too need to adapt ourstrategies to the ast-changing world we operate in.Only by doing so can we continue to assist those inneed whilst upholding our undamental principles andadvancing the goals laid out in
Strategy 2020
.
th chgs w sw i 2010
Demographic evolution
One o the greatest challenges o our time is huge,and oten uncontrolled, migration or economicreasons, especially into urban centres. Hal the world’spopulation now lives in cities and the largest cities o all, megacities, are in developing countries. Populationgrowth and urbanization are combining to present newhumanitarian challenges.I they are well managed, cities can be among the saestplaces to live on earth – with access to schools, healthcareand employment, good transport links and regulatedbuilding controls. But cities can also be the most dangerousplaces on the planet. For those who live on the peripherieso cities in low- and middle-income countries, barelysurviving on one US dollar or less a day, urban living can bea dangerous venture. And urban poverty and squalor canall too easily result in tension, violence and crime.Conversely, in many parts o Europe and NorthAmerica, and some parts o Asia, birth rates havedropped steadily over the past 50 years and peopleare living longer. As a result, social security systems insome countries are showing signs o strain, with ewertaxpayers supporting a growing number o pensioners.Governments are taking drastic action to cope with theeconomic consequences o demographic change – andthe recent global economic crisis has only exacerbatedan already critical situation.However, people aced with austerity measures willcontinue to put pressure on their governments to cutspending that does not benet them directly – and thatmay include opposing oreign aid payments.
Economic globalization
With the right regulatory rameworks in place,economic globalization could have a positive eect– enabling countries with weaker economies togrow and thereby reducing economic inequalities.However, the risk is that globalization simply resultsin the exploitation o developing countries and poorcommunities. Another danger o a global economy is
humanitarian trends and Challenges
Bekele Geleta,Secretary GeneralTadateru Konoé,President
   A  u  r  e   l   i  o   S  a   l  a   /   I   F   R   C   J  o  r  g  e   P  e  r  e  z   /   I   F   R   C

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