Design and Application Manual
© Copyright 1999Pipeline Engineering & Supply Co Ltd
Page 3 Section 6
6.1.1 DESCRIPTION AND PURPOSEa)What is a Pig Trap?
A simple definition is – a piece of pipeline equipmentthat allows easy loading or unloading of a pig into, or out of, the pipeline.
b) What is its purpose?
To provide in a safe manner and without flowinterruption the means to either insert and launch a pig into the pipeline orreceive and retrieve a pig from a pipeline.Although the definitions are simple, in reality it is quite different because a Pig Trap isa vessel that:-
Gives access to or from a pipeline.
Provides a means by which this access can be closed between the surroundingsand full pressure capability of the pipeline.
Provides for the access to be opened or closed with speed, convenience andsafety.
Provides and internal holding or storage position in which pigs may rest until thedesired travel movement is achieved or after travel is terminated.
Provides a means of converting the pig from its free expanded state into itscompressed travelling state.
Includes, or is associated with, a means of controlling flow, pressure and/ormechanical movement to give the pigs a positive driving force into or out of thepipeline.
Has properly engineered safe and practical provisions for connecting to thepipeline.
Is properly supported in a way which will neither impose excessive strains on thepipeline nor will accept more force than it is safe, or desirable, from the pipelineand its associated systems.What does a Pig Trap comprise of – simplistically:I. A quick opening closure or blanked flanged end.II. A major diameter section, referred to as the Barrel.III. A reducer – normally eccentric on a launcher, concentric on receiver.IV. A minor diameter section corresponding to the line pipe size and referred toas the Neck Pipe.V. Various nozzles such as vent, drain, pressure indicator, kicker, or bypass,release, equalising and pig signallerVI. Lifting lugs, supports and earthing lugs