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Published by Antoshal

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Published by: Antoshal on Oct 20, 2011
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Design and Application Manual
 © Copyright 1999Pipeline Engineering & Supply Co Ltd
Page 1 Section 6
6.1 Introduction6.2 Design Parameters6.3 Operating Method6.4 Selection
Design and Application Manual
 © Copyright 1999Pipeline Engineering & Supply Co Ltd
Page 2 Section 6
As part of a complete pigging system, pig traps allow pigs to be inserted into andremoved from a pipeline which is to undergo a pigging program and which is likely tobe under pressure.
a. Pressure Gaugeb. Ventc. Pressure Reliefd. Draine. Pig Signallerf. Kicker Valve (Launcher) Bypass Valve (Receiver)g. Mainline Bypass Valveh. Mainline Trap Valvei. Quick Release Closure
Fig 1. Typical Trap Configuration (Horizontal Launcher/Receiver)
Pig traps can be, and frequently are, referred to bydifferent names some of which may be no morethan alternatives and some which more accuratelydescribe the trap’s function. Popular alternativesare: Launchers, Receivers, Scraper Traps, ScraperBarrels, Universal Traps, Bi-Directional Traps,Sphere Traps. The name may also describe theorientation of the trap, giving a clue to its intendedpurpose: Vertical, Horizontal, Inclined, Declined,Temporary.If a pipeline is to be pigged, launching andreceiving facilities (pig traps) must be provided.For large diameter pipelines this results in pig trapsup to 56” (nominal pipeline diameter) weighingmany tonnes and represent a significant capitalinvestment. Any company that manufactures thistype of equipment requires the scope andexperience to do so and must possess excellent engineering resources, both in itsequipment and its staff Entrusting the design of these systems to non-specialistsarmed with a few proprietary catalogues is a short-sighted and all too frequent short-lived economy.Pipeline Engineering’s technical engineers have many years of experience in pig trapdesign and are fully conversant with all the major design codes and make full use ofstate-of-the-art CAD facilities. All welders are fully qualified to both American andBritish welding codes while the Inspection and Quality Assurance systems ensurecontrol at every stage of the manufacturing process from order to delivery.
Fig 2. Trap Types & Orientation 
Design and Application Manual
 © Copyright 1999Pipeline Engineering & Supply Co Ltd
Page 3 Section 6
6.1.1 DESCRIPTION AND PURPOSEa)What is a Pig Trap?
A simple definition is – a piece of pipeline equipmentthat allows easy loading or unloading of a pig into, or out of, the pipeline.
b) What is its purpose?
To provide in a safe manner and without flowinterruption the means to either insert and launch a pig into the pipeline orreceive and retrieve a pig from a pipeline.Although the definitions are simple, in reality it is quite different because a Pig Trap isa vessel that:-
Gives access to or from a pipeline.
Provides a means by which this access can be closed between the surroundingsand full pressure capability of the pipeline.
Provides for the access to be opened or closed with speed, convenience andsafety.
Provides and internal holding or storage position in which pigs may rest until thedesired travel movement is achieved or after travel is terminated.
Provides a means of converting the pig from its free expanded state into itscompressed travelling state.
Includes, or is associated with, a means of controlling flow, pressure and/ormechanical movement to give the pigs a positive driving force into or out of thepipeline.
Has properly engineered safe and practical provisions for connecting to thepipeline.
Is properly supported in a way which will neither impose excessive strains on thepipeline nor will accept more force than it is safe, or desirable, from the pipelineand its associated systems.What does a Pig Trap comprise of – simplistically:I. A quick opening closure or blanked flanged end.II. A major diameter section, referred to as the Barrel.III. A reducer normally eccentric on a launcher, concentric on receiver.IV. A minor diameter section corresponding to the line pipe size and referred toas the Neck Pipe.V. Various nozzles such as vent, drain, pressure indicator, kicker, or bypass,release, equalising and pig signallerVI. Lifting lugs, supports and earthing lugs

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